With computed tomography (CT) and unenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, stage pT3b extravesical extension and beyond can be diagnosed, but tumors confined to the bladder wall (stages pT1-pT3a) are poorly delineated. To determine whether visualization of such tumors could be improved with gadoliniumenhanced MR imaging, dynamic breath-hold T1-weighted MR images were obtained after intravenous infusion of 0.1 mmol/kg gadopentetate dimeglumine in 79 patients (86 tumors). Conventional MR images, CT scans, and histologic correlation were available in all cases. With dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging, the mucosa could be distinguished from the muscular layers of the bladder wall. Staging accuracy with this technique was 85% (73 of 86), which was significantly better than with CT (55%; 47 of 86) (P < .005) or conventional MR imaging (58%; 50 of 86) (P < .05). The accuracy of staging the intramural extent (pT1-pT3a) of bladder tumors was thus improved with gadolinium-enhanced dynamic MR imaging.
- Bladder neoplasms, CT, 83.1211, 83.321
- Bladder neoplasms, MR, 83.1214
- Bladder neoplasms, staging, 83.321
- Magnetic resonance (MR), comparative studies, 83.1211, 83.1214
- Magnetic resonance (MR), contrast enhancement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging