Blunted pressure natriuresis in the brattleboro diabetes insipidus rat

Michael J. Gonzalez-Campoy, Midori Awazu, Joey P. Granger, John A. Haas, J. Carlos Romero, Franklyn G. Knox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antidiuretic hormone is known to stimulate the renal synthesis of prostaglandins. These autacoids, in turn, modulate the pressure natriuresis phenomenon. Accordingly, the present study was done to test the hypothesis that, in the absence of antidiuretic hormone and antidiuretic hormone-dependent prostaglandin synthesis, the pressure natriuresis response is blunted. Experiments were performed on Brattleboro diabetes insipidus rats (n=7) and Long Evans control rats (n=14). A change in perfusion pressure in the Long Evans rats from 89.3±1.0 to 108.7±1.1 mm Hg (p<0.05) was associated with significant increases in the fractional excretion of sodium (1.1±0.2 to 2.3±0.3%) and the urinary prostaglandin excretion (32.6±6.8 to 56.6±10.0 pg/min). In contrast, a similar change in perfusion pressure in the diabetes insipidus rat from 88.6±1.4 to 106.2±1.5 mm Hg (p<0.05) resulted in no significant increases in either sodium or prostaglandin excretions. Treatment of a third group of diabetes insipidus rats (n=9) with 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (1 μg/day) restored the natriuretic response to increases in renal perfusion pressure. Treated diabetes insipidus and Long Evans control rats had comparable natriuretic responses to increases in renal perfusion pressure. Untreated diabetes insipidus rats, on the other hand, had blunted responses. In summary, the pressure natriuresis response in diabetes insipidus rats is blunted compared with Long Evans control rats. We conclude that antidiuretic hormone is necessary for the complete expression of the pressure natriuresis response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-326
Number of pages5
JournalHypertension
Volume13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Natriuresis
Diabetes Insipidus
Pressure
Long Evans Rats
Vasopressins
Prostaglandins
Perfusion
Kidney
Sodium
Autacoids
Deamino Arginine Vasopressin

Keywords

  • Antidiuretic hormone
  • Kidney
  • Natriuresis
  • Prostaglandins
  • Sodium excretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Gonzalez-Campoy, M. J., Awazu, M., Granger, J. P., Haas, J. A., Romero, J. C., & Knox, F. G. (1989). Blunted pressure natriuresis in the brattleboro diabetes insipidus rat. Hypertension, 13(4), 322-326.

Blunted pressure natriuresis in the brattleboro diabetes insipidus rat. / Gonzalez-Campoy, Michael J.; Awazu, Midori; Granger, Joey P.; Haas, John A.; Romero, J. Carlos; Knox, Franklyn G.

In: Hypertension, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1989, p. 322-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gonzalez-Campoy, MJ, Awazu, M, Granger, JP, Haas, JA, Romero, JC & Knox, FG 1989, 'Blunted pressure natriuresis in the brattleboro diabetes insipidus rat', Hypertension, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 322-326.
Gonzalez-Campoy MJ, Awazu M, Granger JP, Haas JA, Romero JC, Knox FG. Blunted pressure natriuresis in the brattleboro diabetes insipidus rat. Hypertension. 1989;13(4):322-326.
Gonzalez-Campoy, Michael J. ; Awazu, Midori ; Granger, Joey P. ; Haas, John A. ; Romero, J. Carlos ; Knox, Franklyn G. / Blunted pressure natriuresis in the brattleboro diabetes insipidus rat. In: Hypertension. 1989 ; Vol. 13, No. 4. pp. 322-326.
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