Brain protection during ascending aortic repair for stanford type A acute aortic dissection surgery - Nationwide analysis in Japan

Yoshiyuki Tokuda, Hiroaki Miyata, Noboru Motomura, Hideki Oshima, Akihiko Usui, Shinichi Takamoto

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Abstract

Background: The optimal brain protection strategy for use during acute type A aortic dissection surgery is controversial.

Methods and Results: We reviewed the results for 2 different methods: antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) and retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP), during ascending aortic repair for acute type A aortic dissection for the period between 2008 and 2012 nationwide. Cases involving root repair, arch vessel reconstruction and/or concomitant procedures were excluded. Using the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database, a total of 4,128 patients (ACP, n=2,769; RCP, n=1,359; mean age, 69.1±11.8 years; male 41.9%) were identified. The overall operative mortality was 8.6%. Following propensity score matching, among 1,320 matched pairs, differences in baseline characteristics between the 2 patient groups diminished. Cardiac arrest time (ACP 116±36 vs. RCP102±38 min, P<0.001), perfusion time (192±54 vs. 174±53 min, P<0.001) and operative time (378±117 vs. 340±108 min, P<0.001) were significantly shorter in the RCP group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups regarding the incidence of operative mortality or neurological complications, including stroke (ACP 11.2% vs. RCP 9.7%). Postoperative ventilation time was significantly longer in the ACP group (ACP 128.9±355.7 vs. RCP 98.5±301.7 h, P=0.018). There were no differences in other early postoperative complications, such as re-exploration, renal failure, and mediastinitis.

Conclusions: Among patients undergoing dissection repair without arch vessel reconstruction, RCP had similar mortality and neurological outcome to ACP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2431-2438
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume78
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Dissection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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