Breast-conserving therapy for ductal carcinoma in situ

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This retrospective analysis evaluates the treatment results and prognostic factors of 114 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) undergoing breast conserving therapy (BCT) at Keio University Hospital Department of Radiology, between 1988 and 1997. A total of 132 patients with DCIS of the breast came to our hospital between 1988 and 1997, and 114 cases were suitable candidates for BCT. All of the patients were female and ranged in age from 26 to 81 years (median 46). Ninety-one patients were premenopausal, and 23 were postmenopausal. Median clinical tumor size was 2.0 cm (0-8.0 cm). Postoperatively 48 cases received 50 Gy/ 25 fractions of external irradiation to the whole breast via tangential ports. The follow-up period after treatment ranged from 11 to 162 months (median 46.7). The local relapse-free rate and overall survival rate of the 114 patients were 89.5% and 100%, respectively. Local failure and regional nodal failure occurred in 12 and 1 patient, respectively. Radiotherapy was a significant risk factor for local failure (p=0.05). No postmenopausal patients developed local failure, but the difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.103). The 12 recurrent cases underwent additional surgery and all remain alive without recurrence, to date, i.e., at least 16 months. Breast-conserving surgery plus irradiation is appropriate treatment for DCIS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-839
Number of pages5
JournalOncology reports
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 1

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Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Breast-conserving therapy
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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