We discuss spontaneous breaking of continuum symmetries, whose generators do explicitly depend on the spacetime coordinates. We clarify the relation between broken symmetries and elastic variables at both zero and finite temperatures, and/or finite densities, and show the general counting rule that is model-independently determined by the symmetry breaking pattern. We apply it to three intriguing examples: rotational, conformal, and gauge symmetries.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Jul 30|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics