C-Mannosylation: Previous studies and future research perspectives

Yuki Niwa, Siro Simizu

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

C-linked glycosylation, one of the protein glycosylations, is a unique type of glycosylation in which an α-mannose is attached to the indole C2 carbon of a tryptophan residue via a C–C linkage and is so named C-mannosylation. C-mannosylation is enzymati-cally catalyzed in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen, and the N-terminal side Trp residue of the consensus amino acid sequence Trp-Xaa-Xaa-Trp/Cys (Xaa represents any amino acid) is often C-mannosylated. It has been reported that about 30 proteins are C-mannosylated, and the functions of C-mannosylation are becoming clear. In 2013, C. elegans dumpy-19 (dpy-19) was identified as a C-mannosyltransferase, and we revealed that DPY19L3, one of the human homologs of dpy-19, has similar activity in 2016. In this review, we describe previous studies about C-mannosylation, including our results and future research perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E231-E238
JournalTrends in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology
Volume30
Issue number177
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Glycosylation
Mannosyltransferases
Amino Acids
Mannose
Protein C
Tryptophan
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Amino Acid Sequence
Carbon
Proteins

Keywords

  • C-mannosylation
  • DPY19
  • Thrombospondin type-1 repeat
  • Tryptophan
  • Type-i cytokine receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

C-Mannosylation : Previous studies and future research perspectives. / Niwa, Yuki; Simizu, Siro.

In: Trends in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology, Vol. 30, No. 177, 01.11.2018, p. E231-E238.

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

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AB - C-linked glycosylation, one of the protein glycosylations, is a unique type of glycosylation in which an α-mannose is attached to the indole C2 carbon of a tryptophan residue via a C–C linkage and is so named C-mannosylation. C-mannosylation is enzymati-cally catalyzed in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen, and the N-terminal side Trp residue of the consensus amino acid sequence Trp-Xaa-Xaa-Trp/Cys (Xaa represents any amino acid) is often C-mannosylated. It has been reported that about 30 proteins are C-mannosylated, and the functions of C-mannosylation are becoming clear. In 2013, C. elegans dumpy-19 (dpy-19) was identified as a C-mannosyltransferase, and we revealed that DPY19L3, one of the human homologs of dpy-19, has similar activity in 2016. In this review, we describe previous studies about C-mannosylation, including our results and future research perspectives.

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