C-peptide immunoreactivity index is associated with improvement of HbA1c: 2-Year follow-up of sitagliptin use in patients with type 2 diabetes

Takeshi Nishimura, Shu Meguro, Risa Sekioka, Karin Tanaka, Yoshifumi Saisho, Junichiro Irie, Masami Tanaka, Toshihide Kawai, Hiroshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: This retrospective study aimed to determine the hypoglycaemic effect of 2 years of sitagliptin administration in terms of changes in HbA1c and C-peptide immunoreactivity (CPR) index (plasma CPR [ng/mL]/glucose [mg/dL]. ×. 100). Methods: The inclusion criteria for DPP-4 inhibitor-naive outpatients with type 2 diabetes (. n=. 285) were: continuation of sitagliptin for ≥700 days from initial administration and measurement of HbA1c, serum CPR, and plasma glucose levels at 0, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after sitagliptin initiation. Logistic regression analyses determined the factors contributing to the response to sitagliptin, based on responder (δHbA1c ≤-0.4% [≤-4. mmol/mol]) and non-responder (δHbA1c >-0.4% [>-4. mmol/mol]) groups. Results: The HbA1c level decreased and CPR index increased from baseline to 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the start of sitagliptin administration (HbA1c: 7.4. ±. 0.8% [57. ±. 9. mmol/mol], 7.3. ±. 0.9% [57. ±. 9. mmol/mol], 7.4. ±. 0.9% [58. ±. 10. mmol/mol], 7.1. ±. 0.8% [55. ±. 9. mmol/mol], and 7.3. ±. 0.9% [57. ±. 10. mmol/mol], respectively, all P<. 0.001 vs. baseline [8.0. ±. 1.0%, 64. ±. 11. mmol/mol] and CPR index: 1.69. ±. 0.96, 1.71. ±. 1.10, 1.62. ±. 0.96, 1.64. ±. 0.92, and 1.66. ±. 0.96, respectively, all P<. 0.05 vs. baseline [1.47. ±. 0.81]). Higher baseline HbA1c level, shorter diabetes duration, and greater CPR index increase after sitagliptin administration were associated with the response to sitagliptin. Conclusions: Our results suggest that sitagliptin improves glycaemic control via an improved intrinsic insulin response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-447
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

Keywords

  • C-peptide
  • Haemoglobin A1c protein
  • Human
  • Long-term effect
  • Sitagliptin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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