In this paper, equilibrium properties of structure II hydrates of hydrogen were determined from Monte Carlo simulations in the isothermal-isobaric Gibbs ensemble. Water and hydrogen molecules are described by the TIP4P/Ice and Silvera-Goldman models, respectively. The use of the Gibbs ensemble has many key advantages for the simulation of hydrates. By the separation of hydrogen vapor and hydrate phases into their own domains, coupled with transfer moves of hydrogen molecules between domains, cage occupancies were determined. Furthermore, the choice of this ensemble also allows equilibrium lattice constants and guest molecule chemical potentials to be straightforwardly estimated. Results for hydrogen mass fractions indicate reasonable agreement with prior simulation data and theoretical models, while detailed analysis of cage occupancy distributions and neighboring cage pair occupancy combinations gives valuable insight into the behavior of this hydrate at the inter-cage scale. These results will aid in the construction of theoretical models, for which knowledge of the occupancy of neighboring cages is of great importance. In support of previous experimental and theoretical works, we also find evidence of double occupancy of a few small cages inside of the hydrate stability zone, albeit at very high pressures; approximately 0.1% of small cages are doubly occupied at 300 MPa, for temperatures of 225 K and 250 K.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry