Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been grown by remote plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition at temperatures as low as 400°C. In via formation, the selective growth of CNT bundles in via holes at 430°C and chemical mechanical polishing for planarization have been performed. The electrical evaluation of CNT single vias with various diameters reveals that the via resistance is inversely proportional to the via area. This result indicates that the CNTs are grown with uniform quality and density in the via holes with various diameters and stable contact formations are obtained. Moreover, the resistances of single vias are approximately equivalent to the via resistances estimated from the resistances of via chains, demonstrating the via-to-via uniformity of the CNT vias obtained by the remote plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition.
- Carbon nanotube
- Low-temperature growth
- Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)