Carbon taxation using LCCO 2 and LCC for clean energy vehicles

Tomomi Nonaka, Masaru Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper proposes a carbon taxation scheme using life cycle assessment (LCA) for clean energy vehicles (CEVs). This taxation scheme can enable to be discussed tax amount, tax revenue and total CO 2 emissions by changing the scenarios and parameters, such as: technology development, energy price and total driving distance. The authors figure out the tax rate 28.05[JPY/kg-CO 2], which makes the hybrid electric vehicle's life cycle cost (LCC) less than that of conventional gasoline vehicles. The simulation results show that LCC after taxation of electric vehicles (EVs) have lowest total cost when battery cost is 0.14 times the 2007 cost and have lower total cost than that of GVs when driven more than 221,600 km. In addition, EVs have lowest emissions when driven more than 63,000 km considered CO 2 emissions in the manufacturing phase, and it is expected that elders who drive shorter distances are best suited for hybrid electric vehicles and gasoline vehicles not electric vehicles considering LCCO 2. The proposed tax system can provide consumers with an incentive to choose vehicles with lower CO 2 emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4024-4033
Number of pages10
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume77
Issue number783
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Taxation
Life cycle
Carbon
Electric vehicles
Costs
Hybrid vehicles
Gasoline

Keywords

  • Automobile
  • Environmental benign manufacturing
  • Environmental conscious design
  • Environmental engineering
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Production system
  • Social system design
  • Sustainable manufacturing
  • System analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Carbon taxation using LCCO 2 and LCC for clean energy vehicles",
abstract = "The paper proposes a carbon taxation scheme using life cycle assessment (LCA) for clean energy vehicles (CEVs). This taxation scheme can enable to be discussed tax amount, tax revenue and total CO 2 emissions by changing the scenarios and parameters, such as: technology development, energy price and total driving distance. The authors figure out the tax rate 28.05[JPY/kg-CO 2], which makes the hybrid electric vehicle's life cycle cost (LCC) less than that of conventional gasoline vehicles. The simulation results show that LCC after taxation of electric vehicles (EVs) have lowest total cost when battery cost is 0.14 times the 2007 cost and have lower total cost than that of GVs when driven more than 221,600 km. In addition, EVs have lowest emissions when driven more than 63,000 km considered CO 2 emissions in the manufacturing phase, and it is expected that elders who drive shorter distances are best suited for hybrid electric vehicles and gasoline vehicles not electric vehicles considering LCCO 2. The proposed tax system can provide consumers with an incentive to choose vehicles with lower CO 2 emissions.",
keywords = "Automobile, Environmental benign manufacturing, Environmental conscious design, Environmental engineering, Life cycle assessment, Production system, Social system design, Sustainable manufacturing, System analysis",
author = "Tomomi Nonaka and Masaru Nakano",
year = "2011",
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journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C",
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AU - Nakano, Masaru

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AB - The paper proposes a carbon taxation scheme using life cycle assessment (LCA) for clean energy vehicles (CEVs). This taxation scheme can enable to be discussed tax amount, tax revenue and total CO 2 emissions by changing the scenarios and parameters, such as: technology development, energy price and total driving distance. The authors figure out the tax rate 28.05[JPY/kg-CO 2], which makes the hybrid electric vehicle's life cycle cost (LCC) less than that of conventional gasoline vehicles. The simulation results show that LCC after taxation of electric vehicles (EVs) have lowest total cost when battery cost is 0.14 times the 2007 cost and have lower total cost than that of GVs when driven more than 221,600 km. In addition, EVs have lowest emissions when driven more than 63,000 km considered CO 2 emissions in the manufacturing phase, and it is expected that elders who drive shorter distances are best suited for hybrid electric vehicles and gasoline vehicles not electric vehicles considering LCCO 2. The proposed tax system can provide consumers with an incentive to choose vehicles with lower CO 2 emissions.

KW - Automobile

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KW - Life cycle assessment

KW - Production system

KW - Social system design

KW - Sustainable manufacturing

KW - System analysis

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