Care managers' confidence in managing home-based end-of-life care: A cross-sectional study

Maiko Watanabe, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani, Masakazu Nishigaki, Yuko Okamoto, Ayumi Igarashi, Miho Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: There are increasing occasions for care managers (CMs) to manage end-of-life (EOL) situations for older persons at home, in Japan. However, many CMs report anxiety, difficulties and low confidence in managing such care, although confidence is considered a significant determinant of professional performance. This study examined the confidence of CMs at managing home-based EOL situations and its factors. Methods. Participants of this cross-sectional study were CMs from 1,200 homecare agencies in Japan, which were systematically sampled from a national database. Participants were asked about their overall confidence in managing home-based EOL situations, as well as their demographic, professional and agency characteristics. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the factors associated with CM confidence levels. Results: Valid responses were obtained from 458 participants (response rate, 39.4%). Among the respondents, 81.0% (n = 371) were female; mean age 49.2 years old (standard deviation = 8.8). Their professional backgrounds included nurses (28.2%), care workers (49.8%), social workers (10.9%), and home attendants (6.1%). Approximately 70% of CMs expressed some level of confidence in managing home-based EOL situations. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that being confident was significantly associated with having a nursing license (OR: 2.71, 95% CI: 1.26-6.19) and having an additional work responsibility other than being a CM, such as working as a homecare nurse or a home attendant (OR: 2.78, 95% CI: 1.06-4.74). Higher confidence levels were more frequently reported among those who had multiple experiences with EOL situations, compared with those who had none, or only one experience: OR=2.60 (95% CI 1.26-5.50) for those with 2-3 cases; OR=7.12 (3.21-16.56) for those with 4-10 cases; OR = 33.67 (8.14-235.19) for those with 11 cases and over. Conclusions: These results suggest that CMs with direct, hands-on experience with EOL care, or who have managed multiple EOL cases, tended to be confident at managing home-based EOL situations. Given that the number of nurses working as CMs is decreasing, further research is needed to explore what support CMs need to increase their confidence, especially when the CMs do not have nursing licenses and/or experience with EOL situations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number67
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Care Managers
  • Confidence
  • End-of-life
  • Home Care
  • Older People
  • Professional Background

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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