Vinblastine arrests cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and subsequently induces cell death by apoptosis. We found that treatment of cells with vinblastine induced phosphorylation of Bcl-2, resulting in the dissociation of Bcl-2 and Bax. Moreover, vinblastine-induced apoptosis was suppressed by an inhibitor of caspase-3, Ac-DEVD-CHO; and a 17-kDa active fragment of caspase-3 was detected following vinblastine treatment, suggesting that caspase-3 is involved in vinblastine-induced apoptosis. However, Ac-DEVD-CHO affected neither vinblastine-induced Bcl-2 phosphorylation nor vinblastine-induced G2/M arrest. Vinblastine caused G2/M arrest prior to apoptosis, whereas vinblastine-induced apoptosis was not dependent on the duration of the G2/M phase. Thus, vinblastine-induced apoptosis might be mediated by the phosphorylation of Bcl-2, resulting in Bcl-2 inactivation, and by subsequent activation of caspase-3.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Sept|
- G2/M arrest
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research