The expression of osteopontin (OPN), CD44 variants, and integrins has been correlated with tumorigenesis and metastasis. Here we show that these proteins cooperate to enhance cell motility. First, we demonstrate that several different CD44 variants bind to OPN in an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-independent manner, but that the standard form of CD44 does not. These CD44 variants bind to both the amino- and COOH-terminal portions of OPN independently of the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid sequence, suggesting that multiple domains on OPN can be bound by the CD44 variants. Antibodies directed against the integrin β1 subunit are able to inhibit this binding. The binding of CD44 variants to OPN is significantly augmented by both anti- CD44s and anti-CD44v antibodies. This augmentation by anti-CD44 antibodies is OPN specific and, again, can be blocked by anti-β1 antibodies. Finally, we show that OPN binding by CD44 variants/β1-containing integrins promotes cell spreading, motility, and chemotactic behavior.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research