Cervical sagittal alignment is influenced by changes in thoracic and lumbar sagittal alignments after correction surgery in patients with lenke type 6 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

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Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined the changes in cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) and its relationship with other sagittal alignments in AIS patients with major thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve who underwent correction surgery. This study investigated the radiographical changes in CSA after correction surgery in patients with Lenke type 6 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and assess any possible factors affecting postoperative CSA. Methods: Forty-four patients with Lenke type 6 AIS (3 males and 41 females, mean age at surgery of 15.6 ± 2.8 years) who could be followed up for 3 years after correction surgery were included in this study. Variations of outcome variables were analyzed in various spinal sagittal parameters using radiographic outcomes. Univariate correlation analyses were used to evaluate possible factors influencing the postoperative CSA. The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 questionnaires and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used for clinical evaluation, and the changes between pre- and 3-year post-operation were compared. Results: The Cobb angle of the major and minor curve was significantly improved after correction surgery. Furthermore, CSA, such as C2-7 angle and T1 slope, changed significantly postoperatively. The magnitude of coronal curve correction did not affect CSA postoperatively, while the postoperative TK, T10-L2 kyphosis and LL were significantly correlated with the postoperative C2-7 angle, respectively. None of the patients in this study complained of neck or low back pain during the period up 3 years after the operation. Comparing each domain of SRS-22 or ODI score, these were unchanged between pre-, 1-year, and 3-year post-operation, with no statistically significant differences. Conclusions: CSA changed significantly after correction surgery, and cervical kyphosis indicated a tendency to decrease in Lenke type 6 AIS patients, which was associated with an improvement in thoracic and lumbar sagittal alignment, not correction for coronal deformity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100166
JournalNorth American Spine Society Journal
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Keywords

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • C2-7 angle, Thoracic kyphosis
  • Cervical sagittal alignment
  • Lenke type 6
  • Lumbar lordosis
  • Posterior correction and fusion surgery
  • T10-L2 kyphosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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