Challenge to understand the neurobiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsession (recurrent intrusive thoughts) and compulsion (repetitive behaviors or mental acts). There is no consensus regarding the pathogenesis of OCD, which could support the idea that this disorder is heterogeneous. However, functional imaging data and surgical findings in humans suggest that the hyperactivity of the specific circuit including the striatum, called the cortico-striato-thalamo- cortical circuit, plays a role in OCD pathogenesis. Recently, validated animal models of OCD have been established, and they provide us the opportunity to address how the altered functional activity of this circuit contributes to the repetitive behavior in OCD. To test the causal relationship between the altered function of the circuit and behavioral abnormalities in animals, cell-type-specific manipulation and detection of changes in the circuit will be required. Optogenetic approaches may be used as tools to dissect the complex circuit. Moreover, mouse functional magnetic resonance imaging may yield data comparable to human imaging data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)903-909
Number of pages7
JournalBrain and Nerve
Volume64
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

Fingerprint

Neurobiology
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Optogenetics
Obsessive Behavior
Consensus
Animal Models
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Keywords

  • Cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuitry
  • fMRI
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Optogenetics
  • Striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Challenge to understand the neurobiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder. / Tanaka, Kenji.

In: Brain and Nerve, Vol. 64, No. 8, 08.2012, p. 903-909.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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