Change in cell mass in japanese nondiabetic Obese individuals

Kinsei Kou, Yoshifumi Saisho, Seiji Satoh, Taketo Yamada, Hiroshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the change in cell mass in Japanese obese individuals. Methods: We obtained the pancreas at autopsy from 39 lean and 33 obese Japanese nondiabetic individuals (aged 4713 vs 4712 y, P.83, body mass index 20.41.6 vs 28.53.9 kg/m2, P.01). Pancreatic sectionswerestained for insulin,and-cell area(%BCA)wasmeasuredas the fraction of the -cell area to the total pancreas area. Cell mass was then calculated as the product of %BCA and estimated pancreas weight. -Cell replication and apoptosis were assessed by double staining for insulin and Ki67 and insulin and single-stranded DNA, respectively. The frequencies of insulin-positive duct cells and scattered -cells were assessed as the surrogate markers of -cell neogenesis. The -cell area (%ACA) was also measured, and the %ACA to %BCA ratio was determined. Results: There was no increase in cell mass in obese individuals compared with lean individuals (0.6 0.4 vs 0.7 0.4 g, P .12). -Cell replication, -cell neogenesis, and -cell apoptosis were not significantly increased in the presence of obesity. There was no significant difference in%ACA to %BCA ratio between obese and lean individuals (0.91 1.09 vs 0.75 0.51, P .47). Conclusion: There was no increase in cell mass and no detectable change in -cell turnover in Japanese obese individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3724-3730
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume98
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep

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Insulin
Apoptosis
Single-Stranded DNA
Ducts
Pancreas
Autopsy
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Biomarkers
Staining and Labeling
Weights and Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Change in cell mass in japanese nondiabetic Obese individuals. / Kou, Kinsei; Saisho, Yoshifumi; Satoh, Seiji; Yamada, Taketo; Itoh, Hiroshi.

In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 98, No. 9, 09.2013, p. 3724-3730.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the change in cell mass in Japanese obese individuals. Methods: We obtained the pancreas at autopsy from 39 lean and 33 obese Japanese nondiabetic individuals (aged 4713 vs 4712 y, P.83, body mass index 20.41.6 vs 28.53.9 kg/m2, P.01). Pancreatic sectionswerestained for insulin,and-cell area({\%}BCA)wasmeasuredas the fraction of the -cell area to the total pancreas area. Cell mass was then calculated as the product of {\%}BCA and estimated pancreas weight. -Cell replication and apoptosis were assessed by double staining for insulin and Ki67 and insulin and single-stranded DNA, respectively. The frequencies of insulin-positive duct cells and scattered -cells were assessed as the surrogate markers of -cell neogenesis. The -cell area ({\%}ACA) was also measured, and the {\%}ACA to {\%}BCA ratio was determined. Results: There was no increase in cell mass in obese individuals compared with lean individuals (0.6 0.4 vs 0.7 0.4 g, P .12). -Cell replication, -cell neogenesis, and -cell apoptosis were not significantly increased in the presence of obesity. There was no significant difference in{\%}ACA to {\%}BCA ratio between obese and lean individuals (0.91 1.09 vs 0.75 0.51, P .47). Conclusion: There was no increase in cell mass and no detectable change in -cell turnover in Japanese obese individuals.",
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AU - Itoh, Hiroshi

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N2 - Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the change in cell mass in Japanese obese individuals. Methods: We obtained the pancreas at autopsy from 39 lean and 33 obese Japanese nondiabetic individuals (aged 4713 vs 4712 y, P.83, body mass index 20.41.6 vs 28.53.9 kg/m2, P.01). Pancreatic sectionswerestained for insulin,and-cell area(%BCA)wasmeasuredas the fraction of the -cell area to the total pancreas area. Cell mass was then calculated as the product of %BCA and estimated pancreas weight. -Cell replication and apoptosis were assessed by double staining for insulin and Ki67 and insulin and single-stranded DNA, respectively. The frequencies of insulin-positive duct cells and scattered -cells were assessed as the surrogate markers of -cell neogenesis. The -cell area (%ACA) was also measured, and the %ACA to %BCA ratio was determined. Results: There was no increase in cell mass in obese individuals compared with lean individuals (0.6 0.4 vs 0.7 0.4 g, P .12). -Cell replication, -cell neogenesis, and -cell apoptosis were not significantly increased in the presence of obesity. There was no significant difference in%ACA to %BCA ratio between obese and lean individuals (0.91 1.09 vs 0.75 0.51, P .47). Conclusion: There was no increase in cell mass and no detectable change in -cell turnover in Japanese obese individuals.

AB - Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the change in cell mass in Japanese obese individuals. Methods: We obtained the pancreas at autopsy from 39 lean and 33 obese Japanese nondiabetic individuals (aged 4713 vs 4712 y, P.83, body mass index 20.41.6 vs 28.53.9 kg/m2, P.01). Pancreatic sectionswerestained for insulin,and-cell area(%BCA)wasmeasuredas the fraction of the -cell area to the total pancreas area. Cell mass was then calculated as the product of %BCA and estimated pancreas weight. -Cell replication and apoptosis were assessed by double staining for insulin and Ki67 and insulin and single-stranded DNA, respectively. The frequencies of insulin-positive duct cells and scattered -cells were assessed as the surrogate markers of -cell neogenesis. The -cell area (%ACA) was also measured, and the %ACA to %BCA ratio was determined. Results: There was no increase in cell mass in obese individuals compared with lean individuals (0.6 0.4 vs 0.7 0.4 g, P .12). -Cell replication, -cell neogenesis, and -cell apoptosis were not significantly increased in the presence of obesity. There was no significant difference in%ACA to %BCA ratio between obese and lean individuals (0.91 1.09 vs 0.75 0.51, P .47). Conclusion: There was no increase in cell mass and no detectable change in -cell turnover in Japanese obese individuals.

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