Changes in body weight, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue after gastrectomy: a comparison between proximal gastrectomy and total gastrectomy

Raito Asaoka, Tomoyuki Irino, Rie Makuuchi, Yutaka Tanizawa, Etsuro Bando, Taiichi Kawamura, Masanori Terashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Proximal gastrectomy (PG) offers a well-preserved digestive function after surgery, which may result in a better nutritional outcome in comparison to total gastrectomy (TG). The aim of this study was to clarify the advantage of PG over TG by evaluating the longitudinal changes in body weight (BW) and body composition after surgery. Methods: A total of 112 patients undergoing PG with a reconstruction preserving food passage through the duodenum (n = 39) or TG with a reconstruction bypassing the duodenum (n = 73) for clinical stage IA gastric cancer were included. Changes in BW, psoas muscle and subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue were assessed before surgery, and at 1 and 3 years after surgery and were compared between the two groups. Results: BW and SAT decreased significantly in both groups, but the rate of reduction was significantly lower in the PG group (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). There were no significant differences between the groups with regard to skeletal muscle or visceral adipose tissue (P = 0.110 and 0.710, respectively), although they both significantly decreased throughout the course of the study. Conclusions: The losses of BW and SAT were significantly smaller in the PG group. PG may be superior to TG in preserving BW and SAT in patients with clinical stage IA gastric cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalANZ Journal of Surgery
Volume89
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • body composition
  • gastric cancer
  • proximal gastrectomy
  • total gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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