Cell membrane fluidity and changes of cellular lipids of U937 cells during apoptosis are compared between the cells treated with dolichyl phosphate (dol-P) and etoposide. Dol-P induced lateral cell membrane perturbation immediately after addition and continued for at least 40 min. However, etoposide induced apoptosis without increase in cell membrane fluidity. Phosphatidylethanolamine was translocated together with phosphatidylserine after 4 hr of treatment in both dol-P and etoposide treated cells. The concentration of lipid levels changed in dol-P-induced cells and the cholesterol/phospholipid ratio almost doubled. Conversely, none of the phospholipid and cholesterol levels changed in etoposide treated cells. Although both dol-P and etoposide induce apoptosis, dol-P, but not etoposide, appeared to function as a modulator of membrane fluidity and to change membrane constituents and membrane physiology during the course of apoptosis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of oleo science|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- dolichyl phosphate
- membrane fluidity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)