Changes of median nerve conduction velocity in rayon manufacturing workers

A 6-year cohort study

Noriyuki Yoshioka, Toru Takebayashi, Yuji Nishiwaki, Tetsuo Nomiyama, Satoko Iwasawa, Haruhiko Sakurai, Kazuyuki Omae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We conducted a 6-year cohort study to evaluate the relationship between carbon disulfide (CS2) exposure and reductions in the motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity (MCV and SCV) of the median nerve. Methods: Study subjects at baseline included 432 exposed workers and 402 unexposed workers. Among the exposed workers, 145 workers terminated CS2 exposure during the follow-up period (ex-exposed workers). MCV and SCV were measured at baseline and followed up. CS2 personal exposure concentration was measured two times a year during a 6-year follow-up period and mean (range) CS2 exposure concentrations (ppm) were 5.96 (0.8-16.0) and 3.93 (0.6-9.9) in the exposed and ex-exposed workers, respectively. Results: Reductions in MCV during the follow-up period did not differ among the exposed, ex-exposed, and unexposed workers. Reduction in SCV (m/s) of the exposed workers (-4.47±3.94) was significantly larger than that of the unexposed (-3.38±3.97) and ex-exposed workers (-3.26±3.79). For SCV reduction, a partial multiple regression coefficient of (ex-exposed workers)/(unexposed workers) was significantly positive (+0.915, p < 0.01) after adjustment for confounding variables. Conclusions: This cohort study showed that 6-year CS2 exposure around a mean level of 6 ppm did not affect MCV reduction but induced significant SCV reduction beyond the influence of aging. The effect of CS2 on SCV around a mean exposure level of 4 ppm may be reversible, since it disappeared in the ex-exposed workers after CS2 exposure cessation for a mean period of 4.1 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Median Nerve
Neural Conduction
Cohort Studies
Carbon Disulfide
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
rayon
Aging of materials

Keywords

  • Carbon disulfide
  • Nerve conduction velocity
  • Rayon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Changes of median nerve conduction velocity in rayon manufacturing workers : A 6-year cohort study. / Yoshioka, Noriyuki; Takebayashi, Toru; Nishiwaki, Yuji; Nomiyama, Tetsuo; Iwasawa, Satoko; Sakurai, Haruhiko; Omae, Kazuyuki.

In: Journal of Occupational Health, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2017, p. 187-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoshioka, Noriyuki ; Takebayashi, Toru ; Nishiwaki, Yuji ; Nomiyama, Tetsuo ; Iwasawa, Satoko ; Sakurai, Haruhiko ; Omae, Kazuyuki. / Changes of median nerve conduction velocity in rayon manufacturing workers : A 6-year cohort study. In: Journal of Occupational Health. 2017 ; Vol. 59, No. 2. pp. 187-193.
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abstract = "Objectives: We conducted a 6-year cohort study to evaluate the relationship between carbon disulfide (CS2) exposure and reductions in the motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity (MCV and SCV) of the median nerve. Methods: Study subjects at baseline included 432 exposed workers and 402 unexposed workers. Among the exposed workers, 145 workers terminated CS2 exposure during the follow-up period (ex-exposed workers). MCV and SCV were measured at baseline and followed up. CS2 personal exposure concentration was measured two times a year during a 6-year follow-up period and mean (range) CS2 exposure concentrations (ppm) were 5.96 (0.8-16.0) and 3.93 (0.6-9.9) in the exposed and ex-exposed workers, respectively. Results: Reductions in MCV during the follow-up period did not differ among the exposed, ex-exposed, and unexposed workers. Reduction in SCV (m/s) of the exposed workers (-4.47±3.94) was significantly larger than that of the unexposed (-3.38±3.97) and ex-exposed workers (-3.26±3.79). For SCV reduction, a partial multiple regression coefficient of (ex-exposed workers)/(unexposed workers) was significantly positive (+0.915, p < 0.01) after adjustment for confounding variables. Conclusions: This cohort study showed that 6-year CS2 exposure around a mean level of 6 ppm did not affect MCV reduction but induced significant SCV reduction beyond the influence of aging. The effect of CS2 on SCV around a mean exposure level of 4 ppm may be reversible, since it disappeared in the ex-exposed workers after CS2 exposure cessation for a mean period of 4.1 years.",
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N2 - Objectives: We conducted a 6-year cohort study to evaluate the relationship between carbon disulfide (CS2) exposure and reductions in the motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity (MCV and SCV) of the median nerve. Methods: Study subjects at baseline included 432 exposed workers and 402 unexposed workers. Among the exposed workers, 145 workers terminated CS2 exposure during the follow-up period (ex-exposed workers). MCV and SCV were measured at baseline and followed up. CS2 personal exposure concentration was measured two times a year during a 6-year follow-up period and mean (range) CS2 exposure concentrations (ppm) were 5.96 (0.8-16.0) and 3.93 (0.6-9.9) in the exposed and ex-exposed workers, respectively. Results: Reductions in MCV during the follow-up period did not differ among the exposed, ex-exposed, and unexposed workers. Reduction in SCV (m/s) of the exposed workers (-4.47±3.94) was significantly larger than that of the unexposed (-3.38±3.97) and ex-exposed workers (-3.26±3.79). For SCV reduction, a partial multiple regression coefficient of (ex-exposed workers)/(unexposed workers) was significantly positive (+0.915, p < 0.01) after adjustment for confounding variables. Conclusions: This cohort study showed that 6-year CS2 exposure around a mean level of 6 ppm did not affect MCV reduction but induced significant SCV reduction beyond the influence of aging. The effect of CS2 on SCV around a mean exposure level of 4 ppm may be reversible, since it disappeared in the ex-exposed workers after CS2 exposure cessation for a mean period of 4.1 years.

AB - Objectives: We conducted a 6-year cohort study to evaluate the relationship between carbon disulfide (CS2) exposure and reductions in the motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity (MCV and SCV) of the median nerve. Methods: Study subjects at baseline included 432 exposed workers and 402 unexposed workers. Among the exposed workers, 145 workers terminated CS2 exposure during the follow-up period (ex-exposed workers). MCV and SCV were measured at baseline and followed up. CS2 personal exposure concentration was measured two times a year during a 6-year follow-up period and mean (range) CS2 exposure concentrations (ppm) were 5.96 (0.8-16.0) and 3.93 (0.6-9.9) in the exposed and ex-exposed workers, respectively. Results: Reductions in MCV during the follow-up period did not differ among the exposed, ex-exposed, and unexposed workers. Reduction in SCV (m/s) of the exposed workers (-4.47±3.94) was significantly larger than that of the unexposed (-3.38±3.97) and ex-exposed workers (-3.26±3.79). For SCV reduction, a partial multiple regression coefficient of (ex-exposed workers)/(unexposed workers) was significantly positive (+0.915, p < 0.01) after adjustment for confounding variables. Conclusions: This cohort study showed that 6-year CS2 exposure around a mean level of 6 ppm did not affect MCV reduction but induced significant SCV reduction beyond the influence of aging. The effect of CS2 on SCV around a mean exposure level of 4 ppm may be reversible, since it disappeared in the ex-exposed workers after CS2 exposure cessation for a mean period of 4.1 years.

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