Changing built form and implications on urban resilience: Loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces

Bhaswati Ray, Rajib Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A resilient city is a sustainable network of physical systems, constructed urban form, and human communities. Traditional or vernacular built form evolves to achieve higher human comfort by using locally available building materials and construction technology and is more responsive to the geographic conditions. In contrast to the highly bureaucratized building process in modern built form, vernacular architecture is more climate responsive. A typical traditional building of earth emits fewer greenhouse gases, consumes less energy, and maintains a high level of internal thermal comfort. Resilient urban systems must also have resilient communities. Traditional built form results in the creation of social spaces, promotes adherence to socio-cultural value systems and imbibes a feeling of social cohesion. Modern construction techniques, greater energy consumption and the loss of diversity of architectural forms would have significant implications on urban resilience. The paper aims to trace the changing built form in a small settlement of West Bengal and the resultant loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces. Based on primary data sources and field observations, the paper also looks into the implications of the loss of such spaces on urban resilience and assesses the perception of the locals who prefer modernization of built form.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Engineering
Volume212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Event7th International Conference on Building Resilience, ICBR 2017 - Bangkok, Thailand
Duration: 2017 Nov 272017 Nov 29

Fingerprint

Thermal comfort
Modernization
Greenhouse gases
Energy utilization
Earth (planet)

Keywords

  • built-form
  • implications
  • resilience
  • sustainable
  • vernacular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Changing built form and implications on urban resilience : Loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces. / Ray, Bhaswati; Shaw, Rajib.

In: Procedia Engineering, Vol. 212, 01.01.2018, p. 117-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

@article{c25f3d650f6341f6b2e71d13d432e0c6,
title = "Changing built form and implications on urban resilience: Loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces",
abstract = "A resilient city is a sustainable network of physical systems, constructed urban form, and human communities. Traditional or vernacular built form evolves to achieve higher human comfort by using locally available building materials and construction technology and is more responsive to the geographic conditions. In contrast to the highly bureaucratized building process in modern built form, vernacular architecture is more climate responsive. A typical traditional building of earth emits fewer greenhouse gases, consumes less energy, and maintains a high level of internal thermal comfort. Resilient urban systems must also have resilient communities. Traditional built form results in the creation of social spaces, promotes adherence to socio-cultural value systems and imbibes a feeling of social cohesion. Modern construction techniques, greater energy consumption and the loss of diversity of architectural forms would have significant implications on urban resilience. The paper aims to trace the changing built form in a small settlement of West Bengal and the resultant loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces. Based on primary data sources and field observations, the paper also looks into the implications of the loss of such spaces on urban resilience and assesses the perception of the locals who prefer modernization of built form.",
keywords = "built-form, implications, resilience, sustainable, vernacular",
author = "Bhaswati Ray and Rajib Shaw",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.016",
language = "English",
volume = "212",
pages = "117--124",
journal = "Procedia Engineering",
issn = "1877-7058",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing built form and implications on urban resilience

T2 - Loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces

AU - Ray, Bhaswati

AU - Shaw, Rajib

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - A resilient city is a sustainable network of physical systems, constructed urban form, and human communities. Traditional or vernacular built form evolves to achieve higher human comfort by using locally available building materials and construction technology and is more responsive to the geographic conditions. In contrast to the highly bureaucratized building process in modern built form, vernacular architecture is more climate responsive. A typical traditional building of earth emits fewer greenhouse gases, consumes less energy, and maintains a high level of internal thermal comfort. Resilient urban systems must also have resilient communities. Traditional built form results in the creation of social spaces, promotes adherence to socio-cultural value systems and imbibes a feeling of social cohesion. Modern construction techniques, greater energy consumption and the loss of diversity of architectural forms would have significant implications on urban resilience. The paper aims to trace the changing built form in a small settlement of West Bengal and the resultant loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces. Based on primary data sources and field observations, the paper also looks into the implications of the loss of such spaces on urban resilience and assesses the perception of the locals who prefer modernization of built form.

AB - A resilient city is a sustainable network of physical systems, constructed urban form, and human communities. Traditional or vernacular built form evolves to achieve higher human comfort by using locally available building materials and construction technology and is more responsive to the geographic conditions. In contrast to the highly bureaucratized building process in modern built form, vernacular architecture is more climate responsive. A typical traditional building of earth emits fewer greenhouse gases, consumes less energy, and maintains a high level of internal thermal comfort. Resilient urban systems must also have resilient communities. Traditional built form results in the creation of social spaces, promotes adherence to socio-cultural value systems and imbibes a feeling of social cohesion. Modern construction techniques, greater energy consumption and the loss of diversity of architectural forms would have significant implications on urban resilience. The paper aims to trace the changing built form in a small settlement of West Bengal and the resultant loss of climate responsive and socially interactive spaces. Based on primary data sources and field observations, the paper also looks into the implications of the loss of such spaces on urban resilience and assesses the perception of the locals who prefer modernization of built form.

KW - built-form

KW - implications

KW - resilience

KW - sustainable

KW - vernacular

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85043395668&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85043395668&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.016

DO - 10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.016

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85043395668

VL - 212

SP - 117

EP - 124

JO - Procedia Engineering

JF - Procedia Engineering

SN - 1877-7058

ER -