Shiga toxins (Stxs, also referred to as verotoxins) were first described as a novel cytotoxic activity against Vero cells. In this study, we report the characterization of an Stx1-resistant (R-) stock of Vero cells. (1) When the susceptibility of R-Vero cells to Stx1 cytotoxicity was compared to that of Stx1-sensitive (S-) Vero cells by methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, cell viability after 48-hr exposure to 10 pg/ml of Stx1 was greater than 80% and less than 15%, respectively. (2) Although both a binding assay of fluorescence-labeled Stx1 and lipid analysis indicated considerable expression of Gb3Cer, a functional receptor for Stxs, in both Vero cells, anti-Gb3Cer monoclonal antibodies capable of binding to S-Vero cells failed to effectively label R-Vero cells, suggesting a conformational difference in the Gb3Cer expressed on R-Vero cells. (3) The lipid analysis also showed that the R-Vero cells contained significant amounts of Gb4Cer. In addition, introduction of exogenous Gb4Cer into S-Vero cells slightly inhibited Stx1 cytotoxicity, suggesting some-correlation between glycosphingolipid composition and Stx1 resistance. (4) Both butyrate treatment and serum depression eliminated the Stx1 resistance of R-Veto cells. (5) The results of the analysis by confocal microscopy suggest a difference in intracellular transport of Stx1 between R-Vero and S-Vero cells. Further study of R-Vero cells may provide a model of Stx1 resistance via distinct intracellular transport of Stx1.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Microbiology and Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Jan 1|
- Globotriaocyl ceramide
- Shiga toxin
- Vero cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas