Characterization of calcium transients during early embryogenesis in ascidians Ciona robusta (Ciona intestinalis type A) and Ciona savignyi

Taichi Akahoshi, Kohji Hotta, Kotaro Oka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The calcium ion (Ca2+) is an important second messenger, and a rapid increase in Ca2+ level (Ca2+ transient) is involved in various aspects of embryogenesis. Although Ca2+ transients play an important role in early developmental stages, little is known about their dynamics throughout embryogenesis. Here, Ca2+ transients were characterized by visualizing Ca2+ dynamics in developing chordate embryos using a fluorescent protein-based Ca2+ indicator, GCaMP6s in combination with finely tuned microscopy. Ca2+ transients were detected in precursors of muscle cells in the late gastrula stage. In the neurula stage, repetitive Ca2+ transients were observed in left and right neurogenic cells, including visceral ganglion (VG) precursors, and the duration of Ca2+ transients was 39±4s. In the early tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in differentiating precursors of nerve cord neurons. A small population of VG precursors showed rhythmical Ca2+ transients with a duration of 22±4s, suggesting a central pattern generator (CPG) origin. At the mid tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in a wide area of epidermal cells and named CTECs. The number and frequency of CTECs increased drastically in late tailbud stages, and the timing of the increase coincided with that of the relaxation of the tail bending. The experiment using Ca2+ chelator showed that the CTECs were largely depending on the extracellular Ca2+. The waveform analysis of Ca2+ transients revealed different features according to duration and frequency. The comprehensive characterization of Ca2+ transients during early ascidian embryogenesis will help our understanding of the role of Ca2+ signaling in chordate embryogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDevelopmental Biology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Ciona intestinalis
Urochordata
Embryonic Development
Chordata
Calcium
Ganglia
Central Pattern Generators
Gastrula
Myoblasts
Second Messenger Systems
Chelating Agents
Tail
Microscopy
Embryonic Structures
Ions
Neurons
Population
Proteins

Keywords

  • Calcium signaling
  • Calcium wave
  • Central pattern generator
  • Morphogenesis
  • Tunicate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of calcium transients during early embryogenesis in ascidians Ciona robusta (Ciona intestinalis type A) and Ciona savignyi",
abstract = "The calcium ion (Ca2+) is an important second messenger, and a rapid increase in Ca2+ level (Ca2+ transient) is involved in various aspects of embryogenesis. Although Ca2+ transients play an important role in early developmental stages, little is known about their dynamics throughout embryogenesis. Here, Ca2+ transients were characterized by visualizing Ca2+ dynamics in developing chordate embryos using a fluorescent protein-based Ca2+ indicator, GCaMP6s in combination with finely tuned microscopy. Ca2+ transients were detected in precursors of muscle cells in the late gastrula stage. In the neurula stage, repetitive Ca2+ transients were observed in left and right neurogenic cells, including visceral ganglion (VG) precursors, and the duration of Ca2+ transients was 39±4s. In the early tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in differentiating precursors of nerve cord neurons. A small population of VG precursors showed rhythmical Ca2+ transients with a duration of 22±4s, suggesting a central pattern generator (CPG) origin. At the mid tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in a wide area of epidermal cells and named CTECs. The number and frequency of CTECs increased drastically in late tailbud stages, and the timing of the increase coincided with that of the relaxation of the tail bending. The experiment using Ca2+ chelator showed that the CTECs were largely depending on the extracellular Ca2+. The waveform analysis of Ca2+ transients revealed different features according to duration and frequency. The comprehensive characterization of Ca2+ transients during early ascidian embryogenesis will help our understanding of the role of Ca2+ signaling in chordate embryogenesis.",
keywords = "Calcium signaling, Calcium wave, Central pattern generator, Morphogenesis, Tunicate",
author = "Taichi Akahoshi and Kohji Hotta and Kotaro Oka",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Characterization of calcium transients during early embryogenesis in ascidians Ciona robusta (Ciona intestinalis type A) and Ciona savignyi

AU - Akahoshi, Taichi

AU - Hotta, Kohji

AU - Oka, Kotaro

PY - 2017

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N2 - The calcium ion (Ca2+) is an important second messenger, and a rapid increase in Ca2+ level (Ca2+ transient) is involved in various aspects of embryogenesis. Although Ca2+ transients play an important role in early developmental stages, little is known about their dynamics throughout embryogenesis. Here, Ca2+ transients were characterized by visualizing Ca2+ dynamics in developing chordate embryos using a fluorescent protein-based Ca2+ indicator, GCaMP6s in combination with finely tuned microscopy. Ca2+ transients were detected in precursors of muscle cells in the late gastrula stage. In the neurula stage, repetitive Ca2+ transients were observed in left and right neurogenic cells, including visceral ganglion (VG) precursors, and the duration of Ca2+ transients was 39±4s. In the early tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in differentiating precursors of nerve cord neurons. A small population of VG precursors showed rhythmical Ca2+ transients with a duration of 22±4s, suggesting a central pattern generator (CPG) origin. At the mid tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in a wide area of epidermal cells and named CTECs. The number and frequency of CTECs increased drastically in late tailbud stages, and the timing of the increase coincided with that of the relaxation of the tail bending. The experiment using Ca2+ chelator showed that the CTECs were largely depending on the extracellular Ca2+. The waveform analysis of Ca2+ transients revealed different features according to duration and frequency. The comprehensive characterization of Ca2+ transients during early ascidian embryogenesis will help our understanding of the role of Ca2+ signaling in chordate embryogenesis.

AB - The calcium ion (Ca2+) is an important second messenger, and a rapid increase in Ca2+ level (Ca2+ transient) is involved in various aspects of embryogenesis. Although Ca2+ transients play an important role in early developmental stages, little is known about their dynamics throughout embryogenesis. Here, Ca2+ transients were characterized by visualizing Ca2+ dynamics in developing chordate embryos using a fluorescent protein-based Ca2+ indicator, GCaMP6s in combination with finely tuned microscopy. Ca2+ transients were detected in precursors of muscle cells in the late gastrula stage. In the neurula stage, repetitive Ca2+ transients were observed in left and right neurogenic cells, including visceral ganglion (VG) precursors, and the duration of Ca2+ transients was 39±4s. In the early tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in differentiating precursors of nerve cord neurons. A small population of VG precursors showed rhythmical Ca2+ transients with a duration of 22±4s, suggesting a central pattern generator (CPG) origin. At the mid tailbud stage, Ca2+ transients were observed in a wide area of epidermal cells and named CTECs. The number and frequency of CTECs increased drastically in late tailbud stages, and the timing of the increase coincided with that of the relaxation of the tail bending. The experiment using Ca2+ chelator showed that the CTECs were largely depending on the extracellular Ca2+. The waveform analysis of Ca2+ transients revealed different features according to duration and frequency. The comprehensive characterization of Ca2+ transients during early ascidian embryogenesis will help our understanding of the role of Ca2+ signaling in chordate embryogenesis.

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