Characterization of pressure-driven water flows in nanofluidic channels by mass flowmetry

Yutaka Kazoe, Sho Kubori, Kyojiro Morikawa, Kazuma Mawatari, Takehiko Kitamori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With developments in analytical devices promoted by nanofluidics, estimation of the flow rate in a nanochannel has become important to calculate volumes of samples and reagents in chemical processing. However, measurement of the flow rate in nanospaces remains challenging. In the present study, a mass flowmetry system was developed, and the flow rate of water by pressure-driven flow in a fused-silica nanochannel was successfully measured in picoliters per second. We revealed that the water flow rate is dependent on the viscosity significantly increased in a square nanochannel with 102 nm width and depth (3.6 times higher than the bulk viscosity for a representative channel size of 190 nm) and slightly increased in a plate nanochannel with micrometer-scale width and 102 nm depth (1.3 times higher for that of 234 nm), because of dominant surface effects. The developed method and results obtained will greatly contribute to nanofluidics and other related fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-287
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Flow rate
  • Nanochannel
  • Nanofluidics
  • Pressure-driven flow
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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