Characterization of the renal microvascular effects of angiotensin ii antagonist, dup 753: Studies in isolated perfused hydronephrotic kidneys

Rodger Loutzenhiser, Murray Epstein, Koichi Hayashi, Tsuneo Takenaka, Hayley Forster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The renal microvascular effects of DuP 753, an orally active imidazole angiotensin II (ANG II) receptor antagonist were assessed directly in isolated perfused hydronephrotic rat kidneys. Unilateral hydronephrosis was induced to facilitate direct visualization of renal microvessels. Hydronephrotic kidneys were perfused in vitro and microvessel diameters were measured by automated computer-assisted image processing. The administration of 0.3 nmol/L ANG II decreased afferent arteriolar (AA) and efferent arteriolar (EA) diameters by 34 ± 3% (from 17.9 ± 0.6 to 11.9 ± 0.6 jum, P <.001, n = 11) and 28 ± 3% (from 17.1 ± 1.3 to 12.3 ± 1.3 /zm, P <.001, n = 11), respectively. The subsequent administration of 0.1, 1.0, and 10 /miol/L DuP 753 reversed ANG И-induced vasoconstriction of the A A bv 39 ± 10%, 81 ± 8%, and 103 ± 9%, and of the EA by 22 ± 7%, 51 ± 6%, and 87 ± 13%, respectively. These observations indicate that DuP 753 completely blocks both the renal afferent and efferent arteriolar actions of ANG II. In light of the pathogenetic role of ANG II in mediating the deranged renal hemodynamics associated with hypertension, conjestive heart failure, and some forms of renal insufficiency, our findings provide a theoretical framework for future studies assessing the potential therapeutic applicability of DuP 753 in reversing ANG II-mediated renal vasoconstriction. Am J Hy- pertens 1991;4:309S - 314S.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-314
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Apr

Keywords

  • Afferent arteriole
  • Angiotension II
  • Efferent arteriole
  • Renal hemodynamics
  • Renal microcirculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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