Chemosensitivity testing of primary tumor cells from gastric cancer patients with liver metastasis can identify effective antitumor drugs

Naoto Kurihara, Tetsuro Kubota, Toshiharu Furukawa, Msahiko Watanabe, Yoshihide Otani, Koichiro Kumai, Masaki Kitajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The liver metastasis of gastric carcinoma is resistant to conventionally available treatment. Twenty patients with liver metastasis of gastric cancer were treated by arterial drug infusion using a reservoir and seven cases were treated with systemic chemotherapy. The resected primary gastric cancer specimen was used for chemosensitivity assay with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) endpoint, and the patients were treated without reference to the results of the chemosensitivity assay. The mean survival period was assessed according to the histology of the primary lesion, the grade of liver metastasis and the presence of peritoneal dissemination. No significant differences were observed in the primary tumor histology and grade of liver metastasis, but the survival period of the patients with liver metastasis and peritoneal dissemination was significantly shorter than that of the patients without peritoneal dissemination. Nine patients were treated with drugs that were effective in the chemosensitivity assay, and their responses included two complete responses and two partial responses; these patients showed a significantly prolonged survival period compared with patients treated with drugs that were not effective in the assay. The chemosensitivity assay is useful for evaluating the effectiveness of antitumor agents against liver metastasis of gastric cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5155-5158
Number of pages4
JournalAnticancer research
Volume19
Issue number6 B
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Chemosensitivity assay
  • Gastric carcinoma
  • Liver metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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