Chiral Shock Waves

Srimoyee Sen, Naoki Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the shock waves in relativistic chiral matter. We argue that the conventional Rankine-Hugoinot relations are modified due to the presence of chiral transport phenomena. We show that the entropy discontinuity in a weak shock wave is quadratic in the pressure discontinuity when the effect of chiral transport becomes sufficiently large. We also show that rarefaction shock waves, which do not exist in usual nonchiral fluids, can appear in chiral matter. The direction of shock wave propagation is found to be completely determined by the direction of the vorticity and the chirality of fermions. These features are exemplified by shock propagation in dense neutrino matter in the hydrodynamic regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number181601
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume118
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 3

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shock waves
discontinuity
shock wave propagation
rarefaction
chirality
vorticity
neutrinos
fermions
shock
hydrodynamics
entropy
propagation
fluids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Chiral Shock Waves. / Sen, Srimoyee; Yamamoto, Naoki.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 118, No. 18, 181601, 03.05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sen, Srimoyee ; Yamamoto, Naoki. / Chiral Shock Waves. In: Physical Review Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 118, No. 18.
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