### Abstract

We classify bions in the Grassmann $Gr-{N-{\rm F},N-{\rm C}}$ sigma model (including the ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model) on ${\mathbb R}{1}\times S{1}$ with twisted boundary conditions. We formulate these models as $U(N-{\rm C})$ gauge theories with $N-{\rm F}$ flavors in the fundamental representations. These theories can be promoted to supersymmetric gauge theories and, further, can be embedded into D-brane configurations in type-II superstring theories. We focus on specific configurations composed of multiple fractional instantons, termed neutral bions and charged bions, which are identified as perturbative infrared renormalons by Ünsal and his collaborators [G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, J. High Energy Phys. 1211, 170 (2012); G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, Phys. Rev. D 87, 025015 (2013)]. We show that D-brane configurations, as well as the moduli matrix, offer a very useful tool to classify all possible bion configurations in these models. In contrast to the ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model, there exist Bogomol' €' nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) fractional instantons with topological charges greater than unity (of order $N-{\rm C}$) that cannot be reduced to a composite of an instanton and fractional instantons. As a consequence, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits neutral bions made of BPS and anti-BPS fractional instantons, each of which has a topological charge greater (less) than one (minus one), that are not decomposable into an instanton-anti-instanton pair and the rest. The ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model is found to have no charged bions. In contrast, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits charged bions, for which we construct exact non-BPS solutions of the field equations.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 033B02 |

Journal | Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics |

Volume | 2015 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2014 Nov 7 |

### Keywords

- B23
- B34
- B35
- B37

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy(all)

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## Cite this

*Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics*,

*2015*(3), [033B02]. https://doi.org/10.1093/ptep/ptv009