TY - JOUR

T1 - Classifying bions in Grassmann sigma models and non-Abelian gauge theories by D-branes

AU - Misumi, Tatsuhiro

AU - Nitta, Muneto

AU - Sakai, Norisuke

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Physical Society of Japan.
Copyright:
Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2014/11/7

Y1 - 2014/11/7

N2 - We classify bions in the Grassmann $Gr-{N-{\rm F},N-{\rm C}}$ sigma model (including the ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model) on ${\mathbb R}{1}\times S{1}$ with twisted boundary conditions. We formulate these models as $U(N-{\rm C})$ gauge theories with $N-{\rm F}$ flavors in the fundamental representations. These theories can be promoted to supersymmetric gauge theories and, further, can be embedded into D-brane configurations in type-II superstring theories. We focus on specific configurations composed of multiple fractional instantons, termed neutral bions and charged bions, which are identified as perturbative infrared renormalons by Ünsal and his collaborators [G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, J. High Energy Phys. 1211, 170 (2012); G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, Phys. Rev. D 87, 025015 (2013)]. We show that D-brane configurations, as well as the moduli matrix, offer a very useful tool to classify all possible bion configurations in these models. In contrast to the ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model, there exist Bogomol' €' nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) fractional instantons with topological charges greater than unity (of order $N-{\rm C}$) that cannot be reduced to a composite of an instanton and fractional instantons. As a consequence, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits neutral bions made of BPS and anti-BPS fractional instantons, each of which has a topological charge greater (less) than one (minus one), that are not decomposable into an instanton-anti-instanton pair and the rest. The ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model is found to have no charged bions. In contrast, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits charged bions, for which we construct exact non-BPS solutions of the field equations.

AB - We classify bions in the Grassmann $Gr-{N-{\rm F},N-{\rm C}}$ sigma model (including the ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model) on ${\mathbb R}{1}\times S{1}$ with twisted boundary conditions. We formulate these models as $U(N-{\rm C})$ gauge theories with $N-{\rm F}$ flavors in the fundamental representations. These theories can be promoted to supersymmetric gauge theories and, further, can be embedded into D-brane configurations in type-II superstring theories. We focus on specific configurations composed of multiple fractional instantons, termed neutral bions and charged bions, which are identified as perturbative infrared renormalons by Ünsal and his collaborators [G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, J. High Energy Phys. 1211, 170 (2012); G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, Phys. Rev. D 87, 025015 (2013)]. We show that D-brane configurations, as well as the moduli matrix, offer a very useful tool to classify all possible bion configurations in these models. In contrast to the ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model, there exist Bogomol' €' nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) fractional instantons with topological charges greater than unity (of order $N-{\rm C}$) that cannot be reduced to a composite of an instanton and fractional instantons. As a consequence, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits neutral bions made of BPS and anti-BPS fractional instantons, each of which has a topological charge greater (less) than one (minus one), that are not decomposable into an instanton-anti-instanton pair and the rest. The ${\mathbb C}P{N-{\rm F}-1}$ model is found to have no charged bions. In contrast, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits charged bions, for which we construct exact non-BPS solutions of the field equations.

KW - B23

KW - B34

KW - B35

KW - B37

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84928975047&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84928975047&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/ptep/ptv009

DO - 10.1093/ptep/ptv009

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84928975047

VL - 2015

JO - Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics

JF - Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics

SN - 2050-3911

IS - 3

M1 - 033B02

ER -