Clathrate hydrate crystal growth at the seawater/hydrophobic-guest-liquid interface

Riki Sakemoto, Hiroki Sakamoto, Kuniaki Shiraiwa, Ryo Ohmura, Tsutomu Uchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports visual observations of clathrate hydrate crystals growth at the interface of water/seawater and a guest substance to reveal the effect of salts on the crystal growth. Cyclopentane was used as the guest substance to form a structure II hydrate. Cyclopentane hydrate crystals grew along the interface of cyclopentane and seawater to form a polycrystalline layer covering the entire interface. We visually analyzed the individual crystals and classified the morphology of the hydrate crystals according to the subcooling (ΔTsub) from the cyclopentane hydrate equilibrium temperature of atmospheric pressure. The results showed that the morphology of the individual cyclopentane hydrate crystals in water and seawater are qualitatively similar at similar subcooling. As a general trend, for ΔTsub < 2.0 K, the shape of the hydrate crystals is typically polygons, at ΔTsub = 2.0-4.5 K, the shape changes to small polygons or slender polygons, and for ΔTsub > 4.5 K, the crystals have triangular or swordlike shape.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1300
Number of pages5
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 3

Fingerprint

clathrates
Cyclopentanes
Crystallization
Hydrates
Seawater
Crystal growth
hydrates
crystal growth
Liquids
liquids
Crystals
crystals
visual observation
Water
water
Atmospheric pressure
atmospheric pressure
coverings
Salts
salts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Clathrate hydrate crystal growth at the seawater/hydrophobic-guest-liquid interface. / Sakemoto, Riki; Sakamoto, Hiroki; Shiraiwa, Kuniaki; Ohmura, Ryo; Uchida, Tsutomu.

In: Crystal Growth and Design, Vol. 10, No. 3, 03.03.2010, p. 1296-1300.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakemoto, Riki ; Sakamoto, Hiroki ; Shiraiwa, Kuniaki ; Ohmura, Ryo ; Uchida, Tsutomu. / Clathrate hydrate crystal growth at the seawater/hydrophobic-guest-liquid interface. In: Crystal Growth and Design. 2010 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 1296-1300.
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