Clinical Application of iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes in Patients with Advanced Heart Failure

Jun Fujita, Shugo Tohyama, Hideaki Kanazawa, Yoshikazu Kishino, Marina Okada, Sho Tanosaki, Shota Someya, Keiichi Fukuda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Restoration of damaged cardiac tissues via supplementation with functional cardiomyocytes is an ideal medical treatment for advanced heart failure. Because human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) can theoretically reproduce all kinds of cells from the patients themselves, their derivatives are expected to aid in the repair or replacement in these dysfunctional tissues. To improve cardiac function, a large number of cardiomyocytes must be prepared and transplanted into the damaged heart. Thus, large-scale cell culture systems are necessary for both clinical and industrial applications. In addition, the development of tumors, produced by any residual undifferentiated stem cells, should be avoided to prevent their deleterious effects. This means that efficient differentiation and purification methods are critical to the clinical application of hiPSCs. Transplantation strategies are also critical to the efficient retention and engraftment of cardiomyocytes and should be designed to minimize unwanted immunogenic effects preventing inflammation and immunological rejection and facilitating long-term engraftment. Arrhythmogenicity is also often described in middle-large animal models making this a critical functional issue that should be addressed before moving into human patients. Continued investigation and application of findings is sure to facilitate the successful clinical application of hiPSC-derived cardiomyocytes in the treatment of advanced heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Technologies in Cardiovascular Bioengineering
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783030861407
ISBN (Print)9783030861391
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 1


  • Cardiac regenerative therapy
  • Cardiac spheroid
  • Cardiomyocyte
  • Heart failure
  • Human induced pluripotent stem cell
  • Metabolic purification
  • Transplant injection device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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