Clinical associations with autoantibody reactivities to individual components of U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein

Yuko Kaneko, A. Suwa, Michito Hirakata, Y. Ikeda, M. Kuwana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reactivities to individual U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) components and their relationship to clinical features in patients with anti-U1 snRNP antibodies were examined. We evaluated 114 patients with connective tissue disease whose sera were positive for anti-U1 snRNP antibodies, but negative for anti-Sm antibodies. Antibodies to the U1 snRNP polypeptides 70K, A, and C were detected using subunit-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and antibodies to U1 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) were identified by an immunoprecipitation assay using deproteinized HeLa cell extracts. The clinical features were retrospectively obtained by chart review and prospectively collected after study entry. The pattern of antibody reactivities to U1 snRNP components varied among patients. The frequency of anti-70K, anti-A, anti-C, and anti-U1 snRNA antibodies was 60%, 86%, 74%, and 46%, respectively. There was no relationship between each reactivity and the clinical findings, but the presence of reactivities to increasing numbers of U1 snRNP components was correlated with sclerodactyly, shortness of the sublingual frenulum, esophageal dysfunction, and a lack of persistent proteinurea (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). The detection of autoantibody reactivities to individual components of the U1 snRNP particle is potentially useful for predicting the clinical course in patients with connective tissue disease and anti-U1 snRNP antibodies. Lupus (2010) 19, 307-312.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-312
Number of pages6
JournalLupus
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar

Fingerprint

U1 Small Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins
Autoantibodies
Antibodies
Connective Tissue Diseases
Small Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins
Cell Extracts
HeLa Cells
Immunoprecipitation
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Keywords

  • Autoantibody
  • Epitope-spreading
  • Mixed connective tissue disease
  • U1 snRNP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

Cite this

Clinical associations with autoantibody reactivities to individual components of U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein. / Kaneko, Yuko; Suwa, A.; Hirakata, Michito; Ikeda, Y.; Kuwana, M.

In: Lupus, Vol. 19, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 307-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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