Clinical features and prognostic factors of brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma

Akihiko Okamura, Hiroya Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Sako, Rieko Nakamura, Tsunehiro Takahashi, Norihito Wada, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Yoshiro Saikawa, Tai Omori, Soji Ozawa, Yuukou Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma is uncommon. The aims of this study were to assess the frequency of brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma, describe treatment modalities and their outcomes, and determine predictors of survival. Methods: Between 2004 and 2012, 680 patients with esophageal carcinoma were registered at Keio University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Of these patients, 16 (2.3 %) were diagnosed with brain metastasis. We reviewed their medical records and performed statistical analyses. Results: The median survival after diagnosis of brain metastasis was 5.0 months (95 % CI 1.2-8.7 months). The only statistically significant baseline characteristic that predicted worse survival from brain metastasis was the onset form of brain metastasis (p = 0.01). At the onset of brain metastasis, the median survival from brain metastasis was 13.0 months (95 % CI 0.0-31.0 months) in patients without extracranial metastasis and 2.0 months (95 % CI 0.0-4.3 months) in patients with extracranial metastasis (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Approximately 2 % patients with esophageal carcinoma were diagnosed with brain metastasis. The prognosis of brain metastasis is extremely poor, but long-term survival may be expected with intensive treatment for brain metastasis when the first metastatic site is the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-222
Number of pages6
JournalEsophagus
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Neoplasm Metastasis
Carcinoma
Brain
Survival
Tokyo
Medical Records
Japan
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Brain metastasis
  • Esophageal carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Clinical features and prognostic factors of brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma. / Okamura, Akihiko; Takeuchi, Hiroya; Sako, Hiroyuki; Nakamura, Rieko; Takahashi, Tsunehiro; Wada, Norihito; Kawakubo, Hirofumi; Saikawa, Yoshiro; Omori, Tai; Ozawa, Soji; Kitagawa, Yuukou.

In: Esophagus, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2014, p. 217-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okamura, Akihiko ; Takeuchi, Hiroya ; Sako, Hiroyuki ; Nakamura, Rieko ; Takahashi, Tsunehiro ; Wada, Norihito ; Kawakubo, Hirofumi ; Saikawa, Yoshiro ; Omori, Tai ; Ozawa, Soji ; Kitagawa, Yuukou. / Clinical features and prognostic factors of brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma. In: Esophagus. 2014 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 217-222.
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AU - Takeuchi, Hiroya

AU - Sako, Hiroyuki

AU - Nakamura, Rieko

AU - Takahashi, Tsunehiro

AU - Wada, Norihito

AU - Kawakubo, Hirofumi

AU - Saikawa, Yoshiro

AU - Omori, Tai

AU - Ozawa, Soji

AU - Kitagawa, Yuukou

PY - 2014

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N2 - Background: Brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma is uncommon. The aims of this study were to assess the frequency of brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma, describe treatment modalities and their outcomes, and determine predictors of survival. Methods: Between 2004 and 2012, 680 patients with esophageal carcinoma were registered at Keio University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Of these patients, 16 (2.3 %) were diagnosed with brain metastasis. We reviewed their medical records and performed statistical analyses. Results: The median survival after diagnosis of brain metastasis was 5.0 months (95 % CI 1.2-8.7 months). The only statistically significant baseline characteristic that predicted worse survival from brain metastasis was the onset form of brain metastasis (p = 0.01). At the onset of brain metastasis, the median survival from brain metastasis was 13.0 months (95 % CI 0.0-31.0 months) in patients without extracranial metastasis and 2.0 months (95 % CI 0.0-4.3 months) in patients with extracranial metastasis (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Approximately 2 % patients with esophageal carcinoma were diagnosed with brain metastasis. The prognosis of brain metastasis is extremely poor, but long-term survival may be expected with intensive treatment for brain metastasis when the first metastatic site is the brain.

AB - Background: Brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma is uncommon. The aims of this study were to assess the frequency of brain metastasis from esophageal carcinoma, describe treatment modalities and their outcomes, and determine predictors of survival. Methods: Between 2004 and 2012, 680 patients with esophageal carcinoma were registered at Keio University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Of these patients, 16 (2.3 %) were diagnosed with brain metastasis. We reviewed their medical records and performed statistical analyses. Results: The median survival after diagnosis of brain metastasis was 5.0 months (95 % CI 1.2-8.7 months). The only statistically significant baseline characteristic that predicted worse survival from brain metastasis was the onset form of brain metastasis (p = 0.01). At the onset of brain metastasis, the median survival from brain metastasis was 13.0 months (95 % CI 0.0-31.0 months) in patients without extracranial metastasis and 2.0 months (95 % CI 0.0-4.3 months) in patients with extracranial metastasis (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Approximately 2 % patients with esophageal carcinoma were diagnosed with brain metastasis. The prognosis of brain metastasis is extremely poor, but long-term survival may be expected with intensive treatment for brain metastasis when the first metastatic site is the brain.

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