Clinical outcome of high dose rate brachytherapy with external beam radiotherapy for high-risk prostate cancer: A single institutional retrospective study

Suguru Shirotake, Soichi Makino, Kenjiro Suzuki, Ryuichiro Araki, Takeo Kosaka, Koshiro Nishimoto, Masafumi Oyama, Shingo Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated the clinical outcome of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy followed by high dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT, called NEH) with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) patients in our institution. Methods: From 2007 to 2012, 192 high-risk PCa patients underwent neoadjuvant treatment—EBRT—NEH (n = 192). Relations between clinical factors (prostate-specific antigen; PSA, cT stage, Gleason score) and biochemical recurrence were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The 5- and 7-year overall survival rates were 97.9 and 91.1%. By PSA levels (PSA ≤ 20 ng/ml, 20 ng/ml < PSA≤50 ng/ml and PSA > 50 ng/ml), 5-year biochemical recurrence-free survival rates were 85.7, 84.7 and 54.5%, respectively. There were no significant differences between biochemical recurrence and cT stage or Gleason score. Conclusions: We found that NEH can contribute to better biochemical recurrence free survival of high-risk PCa patients with PSA below 50 ng/ml. High-risk PCa patients with PSA over 50 ng/ml may require more aggressive local or systemic treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-91
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • High dose rate brachytherapy
  • Prostate carcinoma
  • Prostatectomy
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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