Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract, comprising a wide spectrum from a curable disorder to highly malignant disease. GIST is characterized by tyrosine kinase mutations, and molecular targeting therapies against these abnormal enzymes require prognostic biomarkers. To identify candidate prognostic biomarkers, we examined proteomic features corresponding to metastasis after surgery. Using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis with a large format gel, we compared the primary tumor tissues of GIST patients free of metastasis for two years after surgery (eight cases) with those of patients who developed metastasis within one year after surgery (nine cases). We found the intensities of 38 protein spots to differ significantly between the two groups. Mass spectrometric protein identification revealed that these corresponded to 25 unique genes. Immunohistochemical validation demonstrated ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX39 to be significantly associated with metastasis and poor clinical outcomes in a group of 72 GIST patients. In conclusion, we have established a novel prognostic utility of ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX39 in GIST. ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX39, a novel biomarker for GIST likely to be associated with metastatic disease, can identify patients likely to benefit from new therapeutic strategies such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
- ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX39
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumor
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