Purpose: Dysadherin, a cancer-associated cell membrane glycoprotein, has been reported to down-regulate E-cadherin expression and promote metastasis. To evaluate the role of dysadherin in gastric cancer, we examined dysadherin and E-cadherin expression in gastric cancer patients. Experimental Design: Dysadherin and E-cadherin expression were evaluated in 276 gastric cancer patients by immunohistochemistry, and the results were compared with the clinicopathological findings of the subjects. Results: Dysadherin was not expressed in normal gastric epithelium. Both dysadherin and E-cadherin were localized to the cell membrane. Dysadherin expression was sometimes largely localized to infiltrating tumor cells or cells dissociating. Ninety gastric cancer patients (32.6%) were positive for dysadherin, and 151 patients (54.7%) showed preservation of E-cadherin expression. Expression of dysadherin was associated with moderately differentiated carcinoma and hematogenous metastasis, whereas reduced expression of E-cadherin showed an association with poorly differentiated carcinoma and peritoneal dissemination. As a result, dysadherin positivity and reduced E-cadherin expression were associated with a poor prognosis. In addition, patients with both dysadherin positivity and reduced E-cadherin had the worst prognosis. Multivariate analysis revealed that reduced E-cadherin expression was an independent prognostic factor, but dysadherin expression was not. Conclusion: Combined analysis of dysadherin and E-cadherin expression may help to predict the prognosis and the mode of metastasis in gastric cancer patients. Patients with dysadherin positivity have a higher risk of hematogenous metastasis, whereas patients with reduced E-cadherin expression have an increased risk of peritoneal dissemination.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research