CNKSR1 serves as a scaffold to activate an EGFR phosphatase via exclusive interaction with RhoB-GTP

Kanako Nishiyama, Masashi Maekawa, Tomoya Nakagita, Jun Nakayama, Takeshi Kiyoi, Mami Chosei, Akari Murakami, Yoshiaki Kamei, Hiroyuki Takeda, Yasutsugu Takada, Shigeki Higashiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human EGFR 2 (HER2) phosphorylation drives HER2-positive breast cancer cell proliferation. Enforced activation of phosphatases for those receptors could be a therapeutic option for HER2-positive breast cancers. Here, we report that degradation of an endosomal small GTPase, RhoB, by the ubiquitin ligase complex cullin-3 (CUL3)/KCTD10 is essential for both EGFR and HER2 phosphorylation in HER2-positive breast cancer cells. Using human protein arrays produced in a wheat cell-free protein synthesis system, RhoB-GTP, and protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type H (PTPRH) were identified as interacting proteins of connector enhancer of kinase suppressor of Ras1 (CNKSR1). Mechanistically, constitutive degradation of RhoB, which is mediated by the CUL3/KCTD10 E3 complex, enabled CNKSR1 to interact with PTPRH at the plasma membrane resulting in inactivation of EGFR phosphatase activity. Depletion of CUL3 or KCTD10 led to the accumulation of RhoB-GTP at the plasma membrane followed by its interaction with CNKSR1, which released activated PTPRH from CNKSR1. This study suggests a mechanism of PTPRH activation through the exclusive binding of RhoB-GTP to CNKSR1.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202101095
JournalLife Science Alliance
Volume4
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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