Co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 correlates with unfavorable patient outcome in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Takahiro Einama, Hirofumi Kamachi, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shigenori Homma, Hiromi Kanno, Kenta Takahashi, Ayami Sasaki, Munenori Tahara, Kuniaki Okada, Shunji Muraoka, Toshiya Kamiyama, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Michitaka Ozaki, Satoru Todo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Recent studies have shown that the high affinity of mesothelin-CA125 interaction might cause intracavitary tumor metastasis. We examined the clinicopathologic significance and prognostic implication of mesothelin and CA125 expression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Methods: Tissue samples from 66 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas were immunohistochemically examined. Proportion and intensity of constituent tumor cells with mesothelin and CA125 expression were analyzed and classified as high-level expression, defined as expression by more than 50% of tumor cells and/or moderate to strong staining, or low-level expression otherwise. Results: A high level of mesothelin was correlated with a higher histological grade (P = 0.049) and the level of blood vessel permeation (P = 0.0006), whereas a high level of CA125 expression was correlated with a higher recurrence rate (P = 0.015). The expression of mesothelin was strongly correlated with that of CA125 (P = 0.0041). Co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 were associated with an unfavorable patient outcome (P = 0.0062). Conclusions: This is the first report showing that co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 were in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and such co-expression is associated with a poor prognosis. Our finding suggests that co-expression of these two factors plays a significant role in the acquisition of aggressive clinical behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1276-1282
Number of pages7
JournalPancreas
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov

Keywords

  • CA125
  • co-expression of mesothelin and CA125
  • mesothelin
  • pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Endocrinology

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    Einama, T., Kamachi, H., Nishihara, H., Homma, S., Kanno, H., Takahashi, K., Sasaki, A., Tahara, M., Okada, K., Muraoka, S., Kamiyama, T., Matsuno, Y., Ozaki, M., & Todo, S. (2011). Co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 correlates with unfavorable patient outcome in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Pancreas, 40(8), 1276-1282. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0b013e318221bed8