Coadsorption of cesium and hydrogen on Al(111): induction of another two distinct adsorption states of hydrogen and its suppressive effect on aluminum hydride desorption

Hiroshi Kondoh, H. Nozoye

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, we found out that aluminum hydrides desorb from hydrogen-adsorbed Al(111) surfaces. In this work, coadsorption states of cesium and hydrogen on Al(111) and the effects of cesium on the desorption of aluminum hydrides have been studied by means of temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) and work-function changes. The desorption of aluminum hydrides is profoundly suppressed by Cs. The suppressive effect of a Cs atom extends to a much larger area than that expected from the area geometrically covered by the Cs atom. Three types of hydrogen binding sites are formed in the presence of preadsorbed Cs adatoms; that is, Cs sites, Cs-influenced Al sites in the vicinity of Cs atoms and Cs-effect-free Al sites. The hydrogen atoms at the Cs sites form a CsAlH2 surface complex. This complex is so stable that it decomposes above 450 K resulting in the simultaneous desorption of H2 and Cs leaving Al. The hydrogen atoms in the Cs-influenced area around the CsAlH2 complex are considered to be embedded into subsurface sites. This hydrogen species does not form an aluminum hydride and desorbs as H2. Appearance of these two types of hydrogen located inside the Cs-influenced area is the origin of the suppression of the aluminum-hydride desorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-168
Number of pages11
JournalSurface Science
Volume318
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Oct 10
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

aluminum hydrides
Cesium
Aluminum
cesium
Hydrides
Hydrogen
Desorption
induction
desorption
Adsorption
adsorption
hydrogen
Atoms
hydrogen atoms
atoms
adatoms
Auger spectroscopy
electron spectroscopy
Adatoms
Low energy electron diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

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title = "Coadsorption of cesium and hydrogen on Al(111): induction of another two distinct adsorption states of hydrogen and its suppressive effect on aluminum hydride desorption",
abstract = "Recently, we found out that aluminum hydrides desorb from hydrogen-adsorbed Al(111) surfaces. In this work, coadsorption states of cesium and hydrogen on Al(111) and the effects of cesium on the desorption of aluminum hydrides have been studied by means of temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) and work-function changes. The desorption of aluminum hydrides is profoundly suppressed by Cs. The suppressive effect of a Cs atom extends to a much larger area than that expected from the area geometrically covered by the Cs atom. Three types of hydrogen binding sites are formed in the presence of preadsorbed Cs adatoms; that is, Cs sites, Cs-influenced Al sites in the vicinity of Cs atoms and Cs-effect-free Al sites. The hydrogen atoms at the Cs sites form a CsAlH2 surface complex. This complex is so stable that it decomposes above 450 K resulting in the simultaneous desorption of H2 and Cs leaving Al. The hydrogen atoms in the Cs-influenced area around the CsAlH2 complex are considered to be embedded into subsurface sites. This hydrogen species does not form an aluminum hydride and desorbs as H2. Appearance of these two types of hydrogen located inside the Cs-influenced area is the origin of the suppression of the aluminum-hydride desorption.",
author = "Hiroshi Kondoh and H. Nozoye",
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T2 - induction of another two distinct adsorption states of hydrogen and its suppressive effect on aluminum hydride desorption

AU - Kondoh, Hiroshi

AU - Nozoye, H.

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N2 - Recently, we found out that aluminum hydrides desorb from hydrogen-adsorbed Al(111) surfaces. In this work, coadsorption states of cesium and hydrogen on Al(111) and the effects of cesium on the desorption of aluminum hydrides have been studied by means of temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) and work-function changes. The desorption of aluminum hydrides is profoundly suppressed by Cs. The suppressive effect of a Cs atom extends to a much larger area than that expected from the area geometrically covered by the Cs atom. Three types of hydrogen binding sites are formed in the presence of preadsorbed Cs adatoms; that is, Cs sites, Cs-influenced Al sites in the vicinity of Cs atoms and Cs-effect-free Al sites. The hydrogen atoms at the Cs sites form a CsAlH2 surface complex. This complex is so stable that it decomposes above 450 K resulting in the simultaneous desorption of H2 and Cs leaving Al. The hydrogen atoms in the Cs-influenced area around the CsAlH2 complex are considered to be embedded into subsurface sites. This hydrogen species does not form an aluminum hydride and desorbs as H2. Appearance of these two types of hydrogen located inside the Cs-influenced area is the origin of the suppression of the aluminum-hydride desorption.

AB - Recently, we found out that aluminum hydrides desorb from hydrogen-adsorbed Al(111) surfaces. In this work, coadsorption states of cesium and hydrogen on Al(111) and the effects of cesium on the desorption of aluminum hydrides have been studied by means of temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) and work-function changes. The desorption of aluminum hydrides is profoundly suppressed by Cs. The suppressive effect of a Cs atom extends to a much larger area than that expected from the area geometrically covered by the Cs atom. Three types of hydrogen binding sites are formed in the presence of preadsorbed Cs adatoms; that is, Cs sites, Cs-influenced Al sites in the vicinity of Cs atoms and Cs-effect-free Al sites. The hydrogen atoms at the Cs sites form a CsAlH2 surface complex. This complex is so stable that it decomposes above 450 K resulting in the simultaneous desorption of H2 and Cs leaving Al. The hydrogen atoms in the Cs-influenced area around the CsAlH2 complex are considered to be embedded into subsurface sites. This hydrogen species does not form an aluminum hydride and desorbs as H2. Appearance of these two types of hydrogen located inside the Cs-influenced area is the origin of the suppression of the aluminum-hydride desorption.

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