Cochlear Cell Modeling Using Disease-Specific iPSCs Unveils a Degenerative Phenotype and Suggests Treatments for Congenital Progressive Hearing Loss

Makoto Hosoya, Masato Fujioka, Takefumi Sone, Satoshi Okamoto, Wado Akamatsu, Hideki Ukai, Hiroki R. Ueda, Kaoru Ogawa, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Hideyuki Okano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hearing impairments are the most common symptom of congenital defects, and they generally remain intractable to treatment. Pendred syndrome, the most frequent syndromic form of hereditary hearing loss, is associated with mutations in the anion exchanger pendrin. Loss of pendrin function as an anion exchanger is thought to be causative, but rodent models do not exhibit progressive deafness. Here, we report a degenerative phenotype exhibiting mutant pendrin aggregates and increased susceptibility to cellular stresses in cochlear epithelial cells induced from patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). These degenerative phenotypes were rescued by site-specific gene corrections. Moreover, low-dose rapamycin and metformin reduced aggregation and cell death. Our results provide an unexpected, comprehensive understanding of deafness due to “degenerative cochlear disease” and may contribute to rational therapeutic development. This iPSC-based disease model provides an approach to the study of pathogenesis and therapeutic development for hereditary hearing loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-81
Number of pages14
JournalCell Reports
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 3

Keywords

  • Pendred syndrome
  • disease-specific iPS cells
  • inner ear
  • outer sulcus cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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