Coexpression of a multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) and herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene in a bicistronic retroviral vector Ha-MDR-IRES-TK allows selective killing of MDR1-transduced human tumors transplanted in nude mice

Yoshikazu Sugimoto, Shigeo Sato, Satomi Tsukahara, Mutsumi Suzuki, Etsuko Okochi, Michael M. Gottesman, Ira Pastan, Takashi Tsuruo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ha-MDR-IRES-TK is a bicistronic vector that coexpresses the MDR1 gene and the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene. In the present study we examined the effect of ganciclovir on MDR1-positive tumors that have been transduced with Ha-MDR-IRES-TK. To establish a human tumor xenograft model of MDR1-transduced recurrent tumors, human KB-3-1 carcinoma cells were transduced with HaMDR or Ha-MDR-IRES-TK, and one each of representative clones, termed KB/MDR and KB/MDR-TK, respectively, were isolated. KB/MDR and KB/MDR-TK showed similar levels of multidrug resistance in vitro. Vinblastine strongly inhibited the growth of the parental KB-3-1 tumors in nude mice but showed little or no effect against KB/MDR-TK tumors. Ganciclovir inhibited the in vivo growth of KB/MDR-TK tumors almost completely under conditions that did not affect the growth of KB-3-1 tumors. Coadministration of vinblastine and ganciclovir inhibited the in vivo growth of KB/MDR-TK premixed with KB-3-1 at any ratio. Long-term, high-level expression of human P-glycoprotein was observed in peripheral blood cells of mice transplanted with Ha-MDR-IRES-TK-transduced bone marrow cells. Ganciclovir eliminated the P-glycoprotein-positive normal blood cells. However, no systemic toxicity was observed. These results clearly demonstrate that it is possible to use ganciclovir to treat MDR1 -positive tumors that have been unintentionally transduced with Ha-MDR-IRES-TK. This safety-modified vector should be useful for introducing the MDR1 gene into bone marrow cells to protect normal cells from the toxic effects of cancer chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Volume4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bicistronic retrovirus vector
  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Cancer chemotherapy
  • Ganciclovir
  • Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase
  • Multidrug resistance gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Coexpression of a multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) and herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene in a bicistronic retroviral vector Ha-MDR-IRES-TK allows selective killing of MDR1-transduced human tumors transplanted in nude mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this