Cognition and Dopamine D2 Receptor Availability in the Striatum in Older Patients with Schizophrenia

Tarek K. Rajji, Benoit H. Mulsant, Shinichiro Nakajima, Fernando Caravaggio, Takefumi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Uchida, Philip Gerretsen, Wanna Mar, Bruce G. Pollock, David C. Mamo, Ariel Graff-Guerrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To assess the impact of reducing the dose of antipsychotics on cognition and dopaminergic D2 receptor availability in the whole striatum, and identify their relationship in patients with schizophrenia aged 50 years or older. Design Open-label prospective PET [11C]-raclopride study. Setting A tertiary care center outpatient setting. Participants Thirty-seven clinically stable participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, aged 50 years or greater, and having been treated with olanzapine or risperidone monotherapy at the same dose for at least 6 months. Intervention Gradual reduction in their olanzapine or risperidone daily dose of up to 40%. Measurements Clinical and cognitive assessments, and [11C]-raclopride PET to determine D2 receptor availability at baseline and after the dose reduction. Main outcome measures were overall cognition and D2 receptor availability in whole striatum. Results Reducing the antipsychotic dose resulted in an increase in D2 receptor availability in the whole striatum and an association between D2 receptor availability and overall cognition despite lack of change in the latter. There was also an association between change in D2 receptor availability and change in overall cognition. Conclusions Our findings suggest that optimizing D2 receptor availability by reducing antipsychotic dose allows this system to contribute more significantly to cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia. This uncovered association could be harnessed by cognitive-enhancing interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • antipsychotic
  • cognition
  • D receptor
  • late-life schizophrenia
  • PET

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Rajji, T. K., Mulsant, B. H., Nakajima, S., Caravaggio, F., Suzuki, T., Uchida, H., Gerretsen, P., Mar, W., Pollock, B. G., Mamo, D. C., & Graff-Guerrero, A. (2017). Cognition and Dopamine D2 Receptor Availability in the Striatum in Older Patients with Schizophrenia. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 25(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2016.08.001