Cognitive rehabilitation for brain damaged patients

Motoichiro Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Cognitive rehabilitation is considered to contribute in improving neuropsychological deficits resulting from brain injuries. In this report, we present a case with a circumscribed lesion to the right dorsolateral prefrontal lobes and show a method of cognitive rehabilitation for the patient's dysexecutive functions disorder. Investigation of prefrontal functions in this case demonstrated impaired executive function combined with a deficit of visuospatial attention to the left extrapersonal space, while intellectual function and novel learning remained intact. Cognitive direct training using the "Tinker toy test" and "Tower of Hanoi" for six weeks was effective in improving the dysexecutive syndrome in this patient. The present case clearly demonstrates that this behavioral improvement might be accounted for by the reorganization of executive function in the posterior brains or by compensation in the left prefrontal lobes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-285
Number of pages9
JournalJapanese Journal of Neurosurgery
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr

Keywords

  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Executive function
  • Reorganization
  • Right dorsolateral frontal lobes
  • Visuospatial attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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