Fractionation of acetone and methanol extracts of Viola yedoensis, under the guidance of inhibition against Clostridium histolyticum collagenase (ChC), resulted in the isolation of esculetin (1) (IC50 12 μM) and scopoletin (2) (IC50 1.8 μM) as the active constituents, together with trans-p-coumaric acid (3), cis-p-coumaric acid (4), 3-O-β-d-glucosyl- 7-O-α-L-rhamnosylkaempferol (5), rutin (6), isovitexin (7), isoorientin (8), vicenin-2 (9), isoscoparin (10), vanillic acid (11) and adenosine (12). Modification of phenolic hydroxy groups of 1 showed that small O-alkyl groups largely increased the activity, whereas larger O-alkyl groups decreased the activity, and 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin (scoparone 13) potently inhibited ChC (IC50 24 nM).
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Natural Medicines|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Jan|
- Viola yedoensis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine