Colorful boojums at the interface of a color superconductor

Mattia Cipriani, Walter Vinci, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study junctions of vortices, or boojums, at the interface between color and hadronic superconducting/superfluid phases. This type of interface could be present in the interior of neutron stars, where an inner core made of quark matter in the color-flavor-locked phase is surrounded by an outer shell of superconducting protons and superfluid neutrons. We study the fate of magnetic (proton) and superfluid (neutron) vortices as they enter the color-flavor-locked phase. We find that proton vortices terminate on Dirac monopoles of the massless magnetic field, and magnetic fluxes of massive gauge field spread along the surface and are screened by surface superconducting currents. On the other hand, three neutron vortices join at a boojum and are split into three color-magnetic vortices with different color-magnetic fluxes canceled out in total. The color-magnetic vortices host confined color-magnetic monopoles when strange quark mass is taken into account. We also present a simple numerical model of the shape of the neutron boojum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121704
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume86
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 21

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color
vortices
neutrons
protons
magnetic flux
quarks
magnetic monopoles
monopoles
neutron stars
magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Colorful boojums at the interface of a color superconductor. / Cipriani, Mattia; Vinci, Walter; Nitta, Muneto.

In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 86, No. 12, 121704, 21.12.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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