Combustion and emission of low heat rejection, ceramic methanol ATAC engine

Norimasa Iida, Shinji Hosonuma, Ken'ichi Yoshimura, Sigehisa Takase, Yasuhiro Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When methanol is used as fuel, a hazardous unburned methanol, aldehyde, is exhausted. To solve this, a low heat rejection engine with an ATAC (active thermo-atmosphere combustion) system was adopted. By using a ceramic combustion chamber, the surface temperature of the combustion chamber is kept at high temperatures of 200 to 250 K. The characteristics of the combustion process and emissions from the ceramic methanol-fueled ATAC engine are examined. widening of the ATAC operation region with the use of methanol, and reduction of Formaldehyde emission due to the adoption of the ceramic combustion chamber are achieved experimentally. When the temperature of the combustion chamber wall becomes high, the thermal efficiency is reduced because the ignition timing is too early in ATAC operation. Supplying a lean fuel mixture to the engine yields a good result in both exhaust emissions and fuel consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4030-4037
Number of pages8
JournalTransactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series B
Volume59
Issue number568
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Jan 1

Keywords

  • ATAC
  • Ceramics
  • Combustion
  • Formaldehyde
  • Internal Combustion Engine
  • Low Heat Rejection Engine
  • Methanol
  • NO
  • Two-Stroke Engine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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