Comparative genomics of the keratin-associated protein (KAP) gene clusters in human, chimpanzee, and baboon

Kazunori Shibuya, Jun Kudoh, Izumi Obayashi, Atsushi Shimizu, Takashi Sasaki, Shinsei Minoshima, Nobuyoshi Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have previously identified a cluster of 16 genes that encode hair-specific proteins, called keratin-associated proteins (KAPs), located on human Chromosome (Chr) 21q22.3. Here, we have identified similar KAP gene clusters in two primates, chimpanzee and baboon. DNA sequence comparison revealed the common cluster structure consisting of 16 KAP genes for these three primates, but a significant difference was found in the baboon. Baboon possesses a new KAP gene not found in human and chimpanzee, whereas one KAP gene (KRTAP18.12) that exists in human and chimpanzee was lost in baboon, making no change in the total number of KAP genes. Interestingly, the sequence for coding regions are highly variable among species owing to insertions and deletions, resulting in variation of gene size. On the contrary, the sequences for the 5′ upstream region are highly conserved among species. These findings suggest that the ancestral KAP gene cluster was composed of 17 genes before the divergence of Old World monkeys (baboon) to the anthropoid (human and chimpanzee).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-192
Number of pages14
JournalMammalian Genome
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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