Comparative pharmacodynamic analysis of Q-T interval prolongation induced by the macrolides clarithromycin, roxithromycin, and azithromycin in rats

H. Ohtani, C. Taninaka, E. Hanada, H. Kotaki, H. Sato, Y. Sawada, T. Iga

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68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to evaluate the arrhythmogenic potency of macrolide antibiotics in a quantitative manner, we analyzed the influence of clarithromycin (CAM), roxithromycin (RXM), and azithromycin (AZM) on Q-T intervals from pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic points of view and in comparison with the potency of erythromycin (EM) previously reported by us for rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized, and CAM (6.6, 21.6, and 43.2 mg/kg of body weight/h), RXM (20 and 40 mg/kg/h), and AZM (40 and 100 mg/kg/h) were intravenously injected for 90 min to obtain the time courses of drag concentrations in plasma and the changes in the Q-T intervals during and after the drug injections. Distinct Q-T interval prolongation of up to 10 ms was observed with CAM at its clinical concentrations. RXM and AZM evoked Q-T interval prolongation at concentrations higher than their clinical ranges. The potencies for Q-T interval prolongation, assessed as the slope of the concentration-response relationship, were 6.09, 0.536, and 0.989 ms · ml/μg for CAM, RXM, and AZM, respectively. There was hysteresis between the change in the Q-T intervals and the time course of the plasma concentration of each drug. The rank order of clinical arrhythmogenicity was estimated to be EM > CAM > RXM > AZM, as assessed from the present results and our previous report for EM. In conclusion, RXM and AZM were estimated to be less potent at provoking arrhythmia than EM and CAM. These results should be useful for malting a safer choice of an appropriate agent for patients with electrocardiographic risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2630-2637
Number of pages8
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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