Comparison of 2-year outcomes between primary and secondary prophylactic use of defibrillators in patients with coronary artery disease: A prospective propensity score–matched analysis from the Nippon Storm Study

Yusuke Kondo, Takashi Noda, Yasunori Sato, Marehiko Ueda, Takashi Nitta, Yoshifusa Aizawa, Tohru Ohe, Takashi Kurita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The Nippon Storm Study was a prospective observational study designed to gather clinical data on implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in Japanese patients. Objective: The purpose of this subanalysis was to compare the incidence of ICD therapy in patients with left ventricular dysfunction owing to coronary artery disease (CAD) for primary and secondary prophylaxis of sudden cardiac death. Methods: We analyzed data of 493 patients with CAD and ICDs (men, 87%; age, 68 ± 10 years; left ventricular ejection fraction, 36% ± 13%; primary prophylaxis, 36%). All patients were followed up for at least 2 years. Propensity score matching was used to select patient subgroups for comparison: 133 patients with ICD for primary prophylaxis and 133 with ICD for secondary indications. Results: There were no significant differences between primary and secondary prophylaxis groups with respect to the incidence of appropriate ICD therapy within 2 years (0.153 vs 0.239; hazard ratio, 1.565 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.898–2.727]; P = .114). Two-year electrical storm risks were 3.3% and 9.6% with HR = 3.236 (95% CI, 1.058–9.896; P = .039) in patients with primary and secondary prophylaxis, respectively. Conclusion: The incidence of ICD therapy received by patients with CAD for primary and secondary prophylaxis was not significantly different based on our propensity score–matched analysis. However, secondary-prophylaxis ICD therapy seems to be associated with a significantly higher risk for electrical storm than primary-prophylaxis ICD therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-11
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm O2
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Nippon Storm Study
  • Primary prophylaxis
  • Secondary prophylaxis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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