Comparison of changes in body fat mass and reflux esophagitis between reconstruction methods after proximal gastrectomy

Erica Nishimura, Tomoyuki Irino, Satoru Matsuda, Kazumasa Fukuda, Rieko Nakamura, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although proximal gastrectomy (PG) is a function-preserving surgical option, it remains unclear as to which reconstruction method can prevent reflux and maintain body composition. Methods: Patients who underwent PG at Keio University between April 2011 and November 2018 were analyzed. Changes in the subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues were comparatively assessed before and after a year of surgery for three common reconstruction methods. We also compared the endoscopic findings of reflux esophagitis and the number of patients prescribed with proton-pump inhibitor after a year of surgery. Results: This study included 76 patients, of which 33 patients underwent esophagogastrostomy with a circular stapler (CS), 35 under double flap (DF) reconstruction, and 8 underwent double tract (DT) reconstruction. Comparing esophagogastrostomy (CS and DF) and DT showed that esophagogastrostomy could significantly preserve both subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues (P < 0.001 and P = 0.04, respectively). However, the change in the subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues was comparable between CS and DF. As for reflux esophagitis, DF showed the lowest incidence rate for esophagitis and the least number of patients who were prescribed a proton-pump inhibitor. Conclusion: DF is a relatively better reconstruction method for preserving fat mass and preventing reflux among the three common reconstruction methods.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAsian Journal of Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Proximal gastrectomy
  • Surgical flaps
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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