We retrospectively compared the transplantation outcomes for patients 50 years or older who received umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) with those who received unrelated bone marrow transplantation (UBMT) for hematologic malignancies. A total of 1377 patients who underwent transplantation between 2000 and 2009 were included: 516 received 8/8 HLA allele-matched UBMT, 295 received 7/8 HLA allele-matched UBMT, and 566 received 4/6 to 6/6 HLA-matched UCBT. Adjusted overall survival (OS) was significantly lower in those who underwent UCBT than those who underwent 8/8 HLA-matched UBMT but was similar to that of 7/8 HLA-matched UBMT (the 2-year OS after 8/8 HLA-matched UBMT, 7/8 HLA-matched UBMT, and UCBT were 49% [95% confidence interval (CI), 45% to 55%], 38% [95% CI, 32% to 45%], and 39% [95% CI, 34% to 43%], respectively). However, adjusted OS was similar between 8/8 HLA-matched UBMT and UCBT receiving ≥.84× 105 CD34+ cells/kg among those with acute myeloid leukemia and those with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (the 2-year OS was 49% [95% CI, 43% to 55%], and 49% [95% CI, 41% to 58%], respectively). These data suggest that UCB is a reasonable alternative donor/stem cell source for elderly patients with similar outcomes compared with UBM from 8/8 HLA-matched unrelated donors when the graft containing ≥.84× 105 CD34+ cells/kg is available.
- Elderly patients
- Umbilical cord blood transplantation
- Unrelated bone marrow transplantation
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