Comparison of diffusion-weighted MRI and anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) measurements of the inter-compartmental exchange-time of water in expression-controlled aquaporin-4 cells

Takayuki Obata, Jeff Kershaw, Yasuhiko Tachibana, Takayuki Miyauchi, Yoichiro Abe, Sayaka Shibata, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Yoko Ikoma, Hiroyuki Takuwa, Ichio Aoki, Masato Yasui

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Abstract

We performed multi-b and multi-diffusion-time diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging on aquaporin-4-expressing (AQ) and -non-expressing (noAQ) cells, and demonstrated a clear difference between the signals from the two cell types. The data were interpreted using a two-compartment (intra and extracellular spaces) model including inter-compartmental exchange. It was also assumed that restricted diffusion of water molecules inside the cells leads to the intracellular diffusion coefficient being inversely proportional to the diffusion-time. Estimates of the water-exchange-times obtained with this model are compared to those measured using an independent optical imaging technique (coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering imaging, CARS). For both techniques it was found that the exchange-time estimated for the noAQ cells was significantly longer than that for the AQ cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17954
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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